NON-LINEAR TRANSIENT AND STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF ROTOR ASSEMBLY OF A MICRO GAS TURBINE
Miniaturization of gas turbines is not straightforward and is not simply the scaling down of large gas turbines. The small dimensions have implications on the efficiency of the components due to the increased viscous friction. Also limits in fabrication accuracy cause additional flow losses. For a 120sec typical accel-decel mission, non-linear transient thermal & structural analyses were performed. It is important to note that this mission resembles true test conditions of gas turbine engines. An axisymmetric model was considered for analysis and mass approximations were carried out using real constants. Heat transfer coefficients are calculated using appropriate correlations and transient thermal scenario of system was captured. Structural analysis was performed at several time points in the mission cycle with all thermal & structural loads. Stress & temperature history of component was examined & fatigue life calculation was performed for all critical locations of the component. It is observed that component can run for a minimum 100000 cycles. Also, clearance calculation was performed for rotor & stator parts in system and observed that current method of assembly was safe. Regarding bearing design, at higher shaft speeds (up to 100000rpm); stainless steel ball bearings cannot withstand the stresses. So, ceramic ball bearings are used as the best feasible solution for the given temperature & pressures.
Mohammed Faheem, Arun.L.R