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Review Article Open Access

Smut Of Crops: A Review

Abstract

Plant-diseases are always the points of great interest; a disease plant cannot perform the whole function, so that the overall yield of the crop is also much reduced, sometimes the plant disease are the reasons of the famines of the cultures. Rust, smut, powdery mildew, downy mildew, spots and the other diseases always were the reasons of the great economic losses of the farmers. In this review article we are presenting some of the aspects of the smut diseases of the crops. Smut word has been taken from the Greek language and the meanings of the smut spores are the sooty spores with the dark black appearances generally in the ovary and in the other parts of the body of the plant part. Smut are the members of the Basidiomyctes of the order ustilaginales, they always cause the devastating effects on the plant part or the crops, some time the smut are the region of the famine of any particular area or the places. Control measures of the smut are the classical, resistant varieties as well as the modern biotechnological approaches in the routine practisers, however till now there is not any permanent solution of the disease have been discovered.

Dr. Teena Agrawal

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