Weed Management in Crop Production
Deepika HC*, S. Meghana, Krishna Deepthi Reddy, Sunil Kumar P and Anand Kumar D
Malla Reddy Institute of pharmaceutical sciences, Maisammaguda, Secunderabad, Telangana-500014
- *Corresponding Author:
- Deepika HC
M. Pharmacy, Department of pharmaceutics, Malla Reddy Institute of pharmaceutical sciences, Maisammaguda, Secunderabad, Telangana-500014
Tel: 040 6463 4235
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: 13/04/2015; Revised date: 16/04/2015; Accepted date: 18/04/2015
Visit for more related articles at Research & Reviews: Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences
Increasing population of the world has doubled the food demands and inundated the available land sources. The need of increased food production in most developing countries becomes an ultimate goal, to meet the dramatic expansion of their population. Agriculture plays an important role in fulfilling the needs of population. Weed is a plant that is not esteemed where it is developing and is generally of enthusiastic development; particularly one that has a tendency to congest or stifle out more alluring plants and a weedy development of plants.[2-4]
Weeds are troublesome from multiple points of view. Principally, they lessen yield by seeking water, light, soil supplements, and space. Cover the space with crop to avoid weed growth. They were able to show the improvements that it made to their operations and to their bottom line.[5-7] Cover crops can do many things; they can provide nutritious feed to livestock, build healthier soil, and leave nutrients in the soil to be used by next year’s crop. Cover crops have the ability to not only help you spend less on inputs, but also build a healthier, more alive soil, that will pay dividends for years to come.[8-12]
Weed management practices in various crops
Herbicide-safe weeds represent a genuine danger to weed administration over the globe. Weeds develop imperviousness to herbicides as an aftereffect of herbicide determination weight.[13,14] Under consistent herbicide choice, the safe people rule in a populace. Understanding the hereditary qualities of herbicide resistance will help survey recurrence and spread of herbicide resistance allele(s) in a populace, which will support in figuring judicious weed administration practices to postpone the advancement of resistance.[15-18]
Weeds in Maize
Maize field trials were led amid fundamental editing season to focus the impact of distinctive post and pre emergency herbicides application on weed motion in maize. Various medications were used, including standard check and weedy check as control was utilized.[19-22]
Weeds in Rabi Sweet Corn
Rabi Sweet Corn examination was directed amid in Rabi figure out generally effective furthermore, practical system for weed control. The pre-emergence herbicides were consolidated either with hand weeding and interculturing or with post-development herbicide to develop coordinated weed administration.[23-25]
Weeds in Rice
Field test was directed amid the kharif season. The trial was laid out in part plot configuration to figure out the impact of different foundation routines and weed administration rehearses on diverse weed parameters, for example, weed thickness, weed dry matter, weed control proficiency and grain yield under rain fed marsh rice.[26-30]
Effects of Weeds
Numerous weeds and trees produce sufficient amounts of lightweight dust for their fertilization. A solitary plant can create 1 million to a few million dust grains in a day prompting dust anaphylaxis or regular rhinitis/ rhinosinusitis, asthma and dermatitis and so forth.[31-35]
Weeds are accepted to be a very asset requesting animal varieties that spreads basically by seeds. They impact of light accessibility on plant size and seed creation.[36-38]
Pesticide utilization assumes an essential part in guaranteeing great harvest yields in conventional horticulture [39,40]. Then again, pesticides can be the wellspring of various ecological issues incorporating deposits in ground and surface waters and harmfulness to non-target creatures. In addition, they can present dangers to homestead laborers included in pesticide application.[41-44]
The improvement procedure has introduced the difficulties of soil pollution, microbial and biodiversity misfortune. The time it now, time to perceive the association of monetary and social advancement with the assurance of the earth and diminishment of the human effect.[45-48] Ecological issues, which may have worldwide effects, are complex and regularly interrelated with financial variables. Issues of soil pollution, contamination and debasement, loss of biodiversity don't perceive political outskirts and posture real dangers to human security, wellbeing and profitability.[49-52]
This content of the article is scrutinized and approved by M. Murali and written by Deepika HC.
- Gandhi A and Sivagama Sundari U. Effect of Vermicompost Prepared from Aquatic Weeds on Growth and Yield of Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). J Biofertil Biopestici. 2012;3:1-4.
- Selvaraj MG et al. Root Phenomics-New Windows to Understand Plant Performance and Increase Crop Productivity. J Plant Biochem Physiol. 2013;1:116.
- Nikkhah A (2015) Empowering World Economy through Fostering International Education in Agricultural Sciences. Adv Crop Sci Tech 3;e122.
- Sticklen MB. Co-Production of High-Value Recombinant Biobased Matter in Bioenergy Crops for Expediting the Cellulosic Biofuels Agenda. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2013;1:e101.
- Devin Lovgren. Cover Crops, More than Just a Weed. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2015;3:1.
- Sticklen M. An Advance Crop Science and Technology: Potentials for Producing the High-Value High-Calorie Triacyglycerols Commodity in Crop Vegetative Wastes. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2013;1:e104.
- Jiang GL. Plant Marker-Assisted Breeding and Conventional Breeding: Challenges and Perspectives. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2013;1:e106.
- Ranchana P et al. Genetic and Correlation Studies in Double Genotypes of Tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa) for Assessing the Genetic Variability. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2013;1:109.
- Luxon N and Pius C. Climate Change Risk and Vulnerability Mapping and Profiling at Local Level Using the Household Economy Approach (HEA). J Earth Sci Climate Change. 2012;3:123.
- El Beyrouthy M and Abi-Rizk A DNA Fingerprinting: The New Trend in Fighting the Adulteration of Commercialized and Cultivated Medicinal Plants. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2013;1:e107.
- Kumar SK and Sparjanbabu DS. Haploid Breeding in Palms-A Brief Review. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2013;1:113.
- Sharma V and Alam A. Current Trends and Emerging Challenges in Horticulture. J Horticulture. 2013;1:e101.
- Jessup RW. Seeded-Yet-Sterile’ Perennial Biofuel Feedstocks. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2013;1:e102.
- Chauhan A and Mittu B. Soil Health - An Issue of Concern for Environment and Agriculture. J Bioremed Biodeg. 2015;6:286.
- Lemma A et al. Response of Improved Durum Wheat (Triticum durum L.) Varieties to Wheat Stem Rust in Central Ethiopia. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2015;3:158.
- Iwe MO et al. Production and Evaluation of Bread Made from Modified Cassava Starch and Wheat Flour Blends. Agrotechnol 2015;4:133.
- Agrawal S and Pathak RK. Response of Phosphate Solubilizing Microorganism on Quality of Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) Plant Grown Conventionally in Temperate Climate. J Biofertil Biopestici. 2010;3:110.
- Chandra Sekhar R et al. Effect of Harvesting at Different Heights on Growth and Flower Yield of Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) in Second Season Crop. J Horticulture. 2013;1:101.
- Mithila J et al. Understanding Genetics of Herbicide Resistance in Weeds: Implications for Weed Management. Adv Crop Sci Tech.2013;1:1-3.
- Amare Tesfay et al. Management of Weeds in Maize (Zea mays L.) through Various Pre and Post Emergency Herbicides. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2014;2:1-5.
- Tamirat T et al. Test Cross Mean Performance and Combining Ability Study of Elite Lowland Maize (Zea mays L.) Inbred Lines at Melkassa, Ethiopia. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2014;2:140.
- Sticklen M et al. Bacterial Mannitol- 1-Phophate Dehydrogenase (mtlD) Transgene, Confers Salt Tolerance in the Fourth Generation Transgenic Maize (Zea Mays. L) Plants. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2013;1: 112.
- Nguyen TX and Sticklen M Barley HVA1 Gene Confers Drought and Salt Tolerance in Transgenic Maize (Zea Mays L.). Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2013;1:105.
- Kapazoglou A et al. Biofuels Get in the Fast Lane: Developments in Plant Feedstock Production and Processing. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2013;1:117.
- Sticklen M. Transgenic, Cisgenic, Intragenic and Subgenic Crops. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2015;3:e123.
- Mathukia RK et al. Integrated Weed Management in Rabi Sweet Corn (Zea mays L. var.Saccharata). Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2014;2:1-3.
- Tamang D et al. Effect of Herbicide Application on Weed Management in Green Gram [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek]. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2015;3:163.
- Woldeab G et al. Virulence Spectrum of Puccinia hordei of Barley in Western and Central Highlands of Ethiopia. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2015;3:164.
- Jian-Long Xu and Jauhar Ali. Connecting Rice Germplasm to Plant Breeding: Backcrossing for Allele Mining and Recurrent Selection for Allele Pyramiding Through Molecular Marker Technology. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2014;2:e11
- Zhang Q et al. Advances in Understanding Cold Sensing and the Cold-Responsive Network in Rice. Adv Crop Sci Tech.2013;1:104.
- Devarinti SR. Pollen Allergy: Common Weeds in Telangana and Their Management Measures. J Biofertil Biopestici. 2015;6:152.
- Baffi C et al. A Chemical-Physical Procedure to Reduce Levels of Potentially Toxic Elements (PTEs) in Municipal Sewage Sludges. J Biofertil Biopestici. 2015;6:153.
- Satinder Kaur Brar. Industrial Production of Bacillus Thuringiensis Based Bio-Insecticide: Which Way Forward?.J Biofertil Biopestici. 2015;6:e126.
- Kumar S. Biopesticide: An Environment Friendly Pest Management Strategy. J Biofertil Biopestici. 2015;6: e127.
- Hafeez A. Arsenic Distribution in Green Bean Yield Irrigated by Waste Water. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2015;3:165.
- Cici SZH et al. Growth and Reproduction of Annual Sowthistle (Sonchus asper L.) in Response to Environmental Light. Agrotechnol. 2015;4:134.
- Sreerag, Jayaprakas. Management of Two Major Sucking Pests Using Neem Oil Formulation. J Biofertil Biopestici. 2015;6:147.
- Hailu E and Woldeab G. Survey of Rust and Septoria Leaf Blotch Diseases of Wheat in Central Ethiopia and Virulence Diversity of Stem Rust Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2015;3:166.
- Prasad et al. Evaluation of Bio-inoculants Enriched Marginal Soils as Potting Mixture in Coffee Nursery. J Biofertil Biopestic. 2015;6:148.
- Chang L et al. Transcriptome Analysis of the Chinese Cabbage (Brassica rapa Ssp. Pekinensis) Petal Using RNA-Seq. J Horticulture. 2014;1:114.
- Hashida SN et al. Influence of Nitrogen Limitation and Long-Term Use of Rockwool on Nitrous Oxide Emissions in Hydroponic Systems. J Horticulture. 2014;1:113.
- Hasan H et al. Impacts of Treated Wastewater Reuse on Some Soil Properties and Production of Gladiolus communis. J Horticulture. 2014;1:111.
- Tsegaye B et al. Impact of Sun Drying Methods and Layer Thickness on the Quality of Highland Arabica Coffee Varieties at Limmu, Southwestern Ethiopia. J Horticulture.2014;1:117.
- Sekhar C et al. Garlic Trading - A Potential Agribusiness Venture in India. J Horticulture. 2014;1:118.
- Chauhan A and Mittu B. ) Soil Health - An Issue of Concern for Environment and Agriculture. J Bioremed Biodeg .2015;6:286.
- Janaranjani KG, Kanthaswamy V. Correlation Studies and Path Analysis in Bottle Gourd. J Horticulture. (2015);2:125.
- Singh A and Sengar RS. DNA Fingerprinting Based Decoding of Indica Rice (Oryza sativa L) Via Molecular Marker (SSR, ISSR, & RAPD) in Aerobic Condition. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2015;3:167.
- Srivastava R et al. Post-Harvest Life of Cut Chrysanthemum Cultivars in Relation to Chemicals, Wrapping Material and Storage Conditions. J Horticulture. 2015;2:123.
- Jiang P et al. Optimization of EMS Mutagenesis on Petunia for TILLING. J Horticulture. 2015;2:122.
- McMoran D and Gauthier J Experimenting with Growing Ulluco as a Niche Crop for Fun and Profit. J Horticulture. 2015;2:120.
- Swamy NG et al. Evaluation of Certain Varieties and Hybrids of Capsicum for Quality Attributes under Shade Net. J Horticulture. 2015;2:124.
- Pratiwi SUT et al. Antimicrobial effects of Indonesian Medicinal Plants Extracts on Planktonic and Biofilm Growth of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. J Horticulture. 2015;2:119.