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A Short Review on Cardiovascular Diseases

Divya A*

Department of Pharmaceutics, Ratnam Institute of Pharmacy, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India

*Corresponding Author:
Divya A
Department of Pharmaceutics
Ratnam Institute of Pharmacy, Nellore, India

Received date: 23/09/2016; Accepted date: 26/09/2016; Published date: 29/09/2016

Visit for more related articles at Research & Reviews: Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicological Studies


Arrhythmia’s, Cerebrovascular disease, Obesity, Epithelial tissue, Rheumatic heart disease


Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) include the disorders of the heart and blood vessels. It mainly involves in the narrowing or blocking of blood vessels.

List of some Cardiovascular Diseases

i. Coronary Artery Disease

ii. Heart Attack

iii. Cerebrovascular Disease

iv. Arrhythmia’s

v. Rheumatic heart disease

vi. Congenital heart disease

The heart is like any alternative muscle in body. It requires an adequate blood to produce oxygen to permit the muscle to contract and pump. Not solely heart pump blood to the remaining parts of the body, it additionally pumps blood to itself via the coronary arteries. These arteries originate from the bottom of the artery and then broaden on the surface of the heart [1-10].

When one or a lot of coronary arteries becomes slender, it should build it tough for adequate blood to protrude in the heart, particularly throughout exercise. This may cause the carotid muscle to ache like all alternative muscle within the body. The classic symptoms of angina are chest pain or pressure and shortness of breath [11-30].

Cardiovascular diseases are still the leading cause of death worldwide. Impaired epithelial tissue operates followed by inflammation of the vessel wall results in induration of the arteries lesion formation that causes infarction and stroke. Diabetes and obesity are the main risk factors for the people living in urban areas which lead to increase in the cause of cardiovascular diseases. A major consequence for heart failure is incidence of more myocardial infractions and infectious diseases [31-50].

Critical Causative Factors For Cardiovascular Diseases

The most critical behavioral danger components of coronary illness and stroke are unfortunate eating regimen, physical dormancy, tobacco use and hurtful utilization of liquor. The impacts of behavioral danger variables may appear in people as raised circulatory strain, raised blood glucose, raised blood lipids, and overweight and stoutness. These "middle of the road dangers elements" can be measured in essential consideration offices and show an expanded danger of building up a heart assault, stroke, heart disappointment and different difficulties [51-70].

End of tobacco usage, diminishment of salt in the eating regimen, devouring foods grown from the ground, physical exercises and evading hurtful utilization of liquor have been appeared to lessen the danger of cardiovascular illness. Additionally, drug treatment of polygenic disease, cardiovascular disease and high blood lipids could also be necessary to scale back vessel risk and stop heart attacks and strokes. Health policies that make tributary environments for creating healthy selections: reasonable and on the market area unit essential for motivating individuals to adopt and sustain healthy behavior [71-80].

What's a lot of, medication treatment of polygenic disorder, cardiovascular disease and high blood lipids may be necessary to diminish hazard and anticipate heart assaults and strokes. Successfulness arrangements that build favorable things for deciding on sound selections: moderate and accessible area unit crucial for propellant people to embrace and manage solid conduct [81-90].

Preventive Methods Of Cardiovascular Diseases

Balanced Diet

Although you may grasp that consumption sure foods will increase your cardiomyopathy risk, it's typically robust to vary your consumption habits. Whether or not you have got years of unhealthy consumption below your belt otherwise you merely wish to fine-tune your diet. Once you recognize those foods to eat additional of and that food to limit, you will be on your means toward a wholesome diet [91-95].

A balanced diet includes:

• Try to take small portions of food.

• Include fruits and vegetables in the daily menu as they were good source of vitamins and minerals.

• Include fruits and vegetables in the daily menu as they were good source of vitamins and minerals.

• Reduce the salt intake and sugar content.

• Choose whole grains, a good source of fiber which helps in regulating the blood pressure levels.

Exercise Activity

Regular Exercise is great for the cardiac patients. It can strengthen the Heart activity by lowering the blood pressure.

Cardio exercise mainly Aerobics can able to lowers the blood pressure [96-100].

Other Recommendations

• Stop smoking habits.

• Avoid Alcohol intake.

• Maintain healthy weight.

• Proper medication.