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Osteoid Osteoma: The Invisible Bone Tumor and Its Management

Kontodimopoulos Nikolaos*

Department of Orthopedics, Copenhagen University, Copenhagen, Denmark

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Kontodimopoulos Nikolaos
Department of Orthopedics, Copenhagen University, Copenhagen, Denmark E-mail:

Received: 03-Mar-2023, Manuscript No. Orthopedics-23-92440; Editor assigned: 06-Mar-2023, Pre QC No. Orthopedics-23-92440 (PQ); Reviewed: 20-Mar-2023, QC No. Orthopedics-23-92440; Revised: 27-Mar-2023, Manuscript No. Orthopedics-23-92440 (R); Published: 03-Apr-2023, DOI: 10.4172/Orthopedics.6.1.005

Citation: Nikolaos. K, Osteoid Osteoma: The Invisible Bone Tumor and Its Management. 2023;6:005.

Copyright: © 2023 Nikolaos K. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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Osteoid osteoma is a benign bone tumor that typically occurs in younger individuals. While it is generally not a life-threatening condition, it can cause significant pain and discomfort. In this article, we will explore the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for osteoid osteoma. It is unclear what causes osteoid osteoma specifically. The tumor is typically composed of osteoid tissue, which is a type of immature bone tissue. The cells within the tumor produce prostaglandins, which can cause pain and inflammation.

Osteoid osteoma is most commonly found in the long bones of the body, such as the femur and tibia. It is also frequently found in the bones of the hands and feet [1,2].


The most common symptom of osteoid osteoma is pain, which is typically described as a dull ache that is worse at night. The pain may be relieved with over-the-counter pain medication, but it often returns when the medication wears off. Other symptoms may include: Limited range of motion, Stiffness, Fatigue, and Fever.


Diagnosis of osteoid osteoma typically involves a physical exam, imaging tests, and a biopsy. The doctor may order an X-ray or MRI to look for signs of a bone tumor. If a tumor is suspected, a biopsy may be performed to confirm the diagnosis.


The treatment options for osteoid osteoma depend on the location and size of the tumor, as well as the severity of symptoms. In many cases, the tumor will go away on its own over time. However, if the pain is significant, there are several treatment options available [3,4].

Non-surgical treatments

• Pain medication: Over-the-counter pain medication can help relieve the symptoms of osteoid osteoma.

• Radiofrequency ablation: This treatment involves using a needle to deliver heat to the affected area, which can destroy the tumor and relieve pain.

Surgical treatments

• Excision: In some cases, the tumor may need to be surgically removed. This procedure is typically done under general anesthesia, and a small incision is made to access the tumor.

• Curettage: This procedure involves removing the tumor and the surrounding tissue. It is typically done in cases where the tumor is too large for radiofrequency ablation.

Overall, the prognosis for osteoid osteoma is excellent. The tumor is typically benign, and most patients experience complete resolution of symptoms with appropriate treatment.

Osteoid osteoma is a common bone tumor that typically occurs in younger individuals. It is caused by abnormal bone growth and is characterized by pain and inflammation. Typically, a diagnosis includes a physical examination, imaging studies, and a biopsy. Treatment options include pain medication, radiofrequency ablation, excision, and curettage. While osteoid osteoma is not typically life-threatening, it can cause significant pain and discomfort. If the patients are experiencing any symptoms of osteoid osteoma, it is essential to talk to the doctor to receive appropriate diagnosis and treatment [5,6].

The prognosis for osteoid osteoma is a benign bone tumor that usually does not spread throughout the body. It can go away on its own or be treated with NSAIDs or surgery. With proper treatment, most patients experience relief from pain and are able to return to their daily activities within a few days to a few weeks, depending on the type of treatment received and the location of the tumor. However, as with any medical condition, the prognosis can vary depending on the individual case and the severity of the tumor.