A Clinical Survey on Hopelessness of Nurses and Their Perception of Spirituality or Spiritual Care
Background and objectives: In this hospital-based survey, we aimed to determine the level of hopelessness and the perception of spirituality or spiritual care, and correlation between them in a sample of Turkish nurses. Method: The Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) and The Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale (SSCRS) were used to determine level of hopelessness and perception of spirituality or spiritual care, respectively. Data on sociodemographics and understanding of spirituality were collected with the Study Questionnaire Form. Results: Eighty nurses (77 females, 3 males; mean age, 27.9 ± 4.0 years) participated in the study. Most of the participants (70%) were aware of the importance of spirituality and spiritual care. Total scores were 5.4 ± 4.7 and 52.88 ± 4.79 for BHS and SSCRS scales. There was a weak and negative correlation between total scores of BHS and SSCRS (r=-0.266, p=0.017). Sociodemographic parameters (age, gender, education) and understanding and practice of spiritual care have no or limited effect on the BHS and SSCRS scores. Conclusion: In conclusion, the education, perception, and practice of spiritual care are not sufficient among Turkish nurses. Hopelessness of nurses negatively affects their perception of spirituality and spiritual care.
Tülin Yildiz, Sonay Baltaci Göktas, Arzu Malak, Elif Eren