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Research Article Open Access

Clinical Characteristics of Patients with COVID-19 in Brazil


Objective: This research aims to describe the clinical and sociodemographic characteristics of patients with COVID-19 in a University Hospital of excellence in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive, retrospective and documentary study, based on a quantitative approach, carried out in a University Hospital in the state of Rio de Janeiro. This institution is a reference for treating patients with COVID-19. The sample was non-probabilistic, intentional, consisted of 243 electronic health records of hospitalized patients with COVID-19 in clinical wards from April to June 2020. The data were analyzed using simple descriptive statistics. Results: The sample consisted of 243 patients diagnosed with COVID-19, of which 127 (52.3%) were male, aged between 52 and 72 years. The most prevalent comorbidities were arterial hypertension (51%), and diabetes mellitus (28%). As for length of hospitalization, 86 patients (35.4%) remained hospitalized between 7 and 14 days. The main signs and symptoms at admission were fever in 145 (59.7%), cough in 137 (56.4%) and mild dyspnea in 135 (55.6%). From 243 patients, 26 (10.7%) were intubated and 13 (5.3%) died, and 230 (94.7%) were discharged for cure. Most patients (94.7%) with COVID-19 presented a positive evolution of the clinical profile, with effective recovery of the disease. Conclusion: The 243 patients with COVID-19 hospitalized in three clinical wards of a University Hospital of excellence in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, had the following predominant characteristics: male, age between 52 and 72 years old, length of hospitalization between 7 and 14 days, fever, cough, dyspnoea and, as complications, O2 saturation less than 94%, severe dyspnea and high D-dimer.

Ellen Marcia Peres*, Bruna Maiara Ferreira Barreto Pires, Antonio Marcos Tosoli Gomes, Norma Valéria Dantas de Oliveira Souza, Eloá Carneiro Carvaho, Maria Therezinha Nóbrega da Silva, Ronaldo Damião, Rogério Lopes Rufino Alves, José Augusto da Silva Messias, Denize Cristina Oliveira, Monique Barreto Santana, André Herdy Afonso Alves de Lima, Priscila Cristina da Silva Thiengo Andrade,Thais Mayerhofer Kubota, Cristiene Faria, Livia Fajin de Mello dos Santos, Luciana Guimarães Assad, Ronilson Gonçalves Rocha, Silvia Maria de Sá Basílio Lins, Dayana Carvalho Leite, Magno Conceição das Merces, Cristiano Buarque de Gusmão Fernandes Borges, Janaina Cristina Correia Vasconcellos, Morena Peres Bitencourt, Helena Ferraz Gomes

, Alessandra Santa’ Anna Nunes, Claudia Regina Menezes da Rocha Poças

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