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Research Article Open Access

Clinical Prognostic Factors for One Year Survival in Patients after Ischemic Stroke


Introduction: The goal of the study was to identify the most significant prognostic clinical criteria for the survival of patients with Ischemic Stroke (IS) within 1 year of observation. Materials and Methods: The object of the clinical prospective study was 1421 patients with IS hospitalized in 2002-2015 in the neurological (stroke) departments of the 5th Minsk City Clinical Hospital and the Minsk Emergency Hospital. Analyzing the obtained data, we adhered to the prospective specimen collection, retrospective evaluation design of the study. The primary endpoint of the study was the patient's death from any reason within one year of the development of IS. Information on post-stroke all-cause mortality was obtained through linkages to the official source the centralized archive of deaths of residents of the city of Minsk. Patients without a confirmed death date were censored at the date last known alive. All patients that were alive at one year are assumed to be censored at that time. The collection of clinical, demographic, neuroimaging, laboratory data, as well as the final determination of the stroke outcome, was performed blindly with respect to survival data. Results: To build the model, 22 multivariate clinical indicators were used that demonstrated the relationship with post stroke survival at the stage of preliminary data analysis: stroke subtype according the Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project, age, gender, the severity of the neurological deficit according to the NIHSS scale at hospitalization, previous stroke or TIA, the presence of arterial hypertension, atrial fibrillation, myocardial atherosclerosis, congestive heart failure, diabetes mellitus, peripheral arterial diseases, alcohol abuse, level of creatinine, glucose, urea, potassium, sodium in blood, amount of hemoglobin, erythrocytes and leukocytes on the 1st day of treatment, the level of systolic and diastolic blood pressure in the hospital admission department. In the construction of a survival decision tree of patients with IS, of the 22 initially embedded parameters, only 6 independent predictors were finally included in the prognostic model the stroke subtype according to the OCSP, the presence of a lacunar infarction, the severity of neurologic deficit at hospitalization according NIHSS, level of urea and glucose in the blood, and the presence of congestive heart failure.

Irina Gontschar and Igor Prudyvus

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