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Costs Related to the Immunopreventable Diseases: A 10-Year Analysis of the State of Paraná, Brazil (Immunopreventable Diseases and their Costs)

Abstract

It is a national public interest the rising of health care data from deaths for potentially preventable diseases. In this context, it is done necessary an analysis of the Brazilian reality of the immunopreventable diseases, considering that PNI is a national reality, considering the campaigns against vaccination, and the fall of the vaccination coverages globally. In this context, the main objective of this manuscript will be discriminate the hospitalizations direct costs in the Unique Health System (SUS), of the immunopreventable diseases (diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, mumps, German measles, measles, hepatitis B, yellow fever, breathing syndrome for virus flu, meningococcal disease, chickenpox), through data from DATASUS website, in the period from 2008 to 2018, emphasizing the reality of the Paraná State. The occurrence of the immunopreventable diseases in a population has direct relationship with the public policies of effective immunization, the report of the vaccination coverage, and the fact that the expenses related with these diseases are potentially avoidable. Objective: to discriminate the direct costs of the hospitalizations from the immunopreventable diseases in the Unified Health System (SUS), in State of Paraná, between 2008 and 2018. A population, observational, descriptive and retrospective study, with data from the information supplied by the DATASUS website. Results: It was identified 9,307 hospitalizations from immunopreventable diseases, between 2008 and 2018; with a total of 55,463 days of permanence and 596 were registered deaths. The total direct hospitalizations costs were R$10,652,046.02; being R$9,403,717.17 with hospital services costs and R$1,248,328.85 with professional services costs, mainly under one year old and in the masculine gender. Conclusions: The immunopreventable diseases presented relevant costs in State of Paraná, mainly in hospital services, in the age group covered by the Immunization Program.

Élide Sbardellotto M da Costa, Adriano Hyeda, Eliane MC P Maluf

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