All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Perspective Article Open Access

Toxicology and Its Types of Toxins


Toxicology is a scientific topic that deals with the analysis of the harmful effects of toxic substances on living organisms as well as the practice of detecting various toxins and toxicants exposures. It overlaps with biology, chemistry, toxicology, and medicine. In toxicity, the relationship between quantity and impact on the exposed organism is significant. Dosage, duration of exposure (acute or chronic), mode of exposure, species, age, sex, and environment are all ways to determine chemical toxicity.

Lin Fuxian

To read the full article Download Full Article | Visit Full Article