ISSN ONLINE(2319-8753)PRINT(2347-6710)

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Amazing porn model Belle Delphine nudes on Watch free video collection of Belle Delphine nede leaked

Rare Muslim porn and سكس on Tons of Arab porn clips.

XNXX and Xvideos porn clips free on Best XnXX porn tube channels, categorized sex videos, homemade and amateur porn.

Exlusive russian porn Get uniqe porn clips from Russia

Find out on best collection of Arabain and Hijab سكس

Multi-Modal Crypto-Biometric System Based On Session Key Navigation for Secure Transaction

M.Natarajan1, T.Mekala2 and R.Vikram1
  1. PG Scholar, M.Kumarasamy College of Engineering, Karur, Tamilnadu, India.
  2. Asst. Professor, M.Kumarasamy College of engineering, Karur, Tamilnadu, India.
  3. PG Scholar, M.Kumarasamy College of Engineering, Karur, Tamilnadu, India
Related article at Pubmed, Scholar Google

Visit for more related articles at International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology


Cryptography is the science of keeping secrets. It is mainly related to data security when transmitting data over networks. During data transmission intruders may possible to acquire information without the knowledge of sender and receiver. So it needs some mechanism to prevent unauthorized access. The security system deals with Multi-Modal biometric features namely Finger-Knuckle-Print and Finger Print for recognition and verification. This approach proves to be more secure. For every transaction, random key will be generates from the user’s samples and it could be highly distinct. Random Triangle Hashing method is used for random key generation [15]. Shuffling process is used for key management and reliable transaction. This system keeping secret the content of information from unauthorized parties, detecting the alteration of data, identifying data origin and preventing an entity from denying previous actions.


Finger-Knuckle-Print, Finger Print, Multi-Modal biometric features, Random Triangle Hashing, Shuffling Process.


Security is an essential factor for reliable communication over networks. Cryptography is an autonomic element in order to build security. It also deals for user recognition. It is consider as one of the fundamental building block of internet security. There are three classes are cryptographic algorithms are available namely Secret key, Public key and Hash function. Symmetric cryptographic systems use the same key i.e. the decryption key is derived from the encryption key). Public key cryptographic systems use a different key i.e. the decryption key cannot be derived from the encryption key. Hash function takes as variable size message as input and delivers a fixed size hash value [1].
Biometrics is a powerful tool for human verification and authentication. It is done with the help of human biometric templates namely Finger- Knuckle-Print, Finger Print, I ris, Palm Print etc.
Recently more research going on hand based samples, because it is highly sensitive and distinct. Moreover, hand based samples provides high accuracy in their results and provides more advantageous for verification. Cryptography needs for reliable communication, but cryptography alone is not enough to achieve it. In such a way, cryptography deals with security levels and biometric handles identity of human.
Biometric key generation is mainly used for user identification. The generated key is totally differs from biometric features. So the key is never ever overridden with cryptographic systems.


The main attention of this approach is to achieve secure communication during data transmission, typically the internet.
This approach uses multi-modal biometric features namely Finger-Knuckle-Print and Finger Print. The key will be generated from Finger-Knuckle-Print and Finger print for transaction. This key will be generated randomly for every transaction. The biometric key will be combined with key generated from the user’s data. So it could be secure for sharing files between sender and receiver.


A. Image Enhancement
This process helps us to improve the texture of Finger-Knuckle-Print present between the knuckle lines or palm lines. The objective of image enhancement is to achieve better image from human perception. This is done by manipulating it.
B. Image Segmentation
The session key will be generated from the knuckle portion of the finger. It is mainly because of the bending surface of the fingers are highly distinct in nature. This process achieves greater compatibility for key generation.
Overview of Finger Print
Fingerprints basically consist of ridges (raised skin) and furrows (lowered skin) that twist to form a distinct pattern.
B. Random Triangle Hashing Method
It follows concept of cancellable biometrics in the finger print domain. This approach enforces one-way property (non- invert ability) of the biometric sample.
C. Key Generation
The session keys are generated using Random Triangle Hasing Method [14].


In shuffling process the binary values of 5 and 9 are 5(0101) and 9(1001).
As show in figure 5 random triangle hashing method [15] selects 5, 9 as the chosen co- ordinates. In shuffling process the binary representation of 5(0101) and 9(1001) are selected.
• Consider binary value of 5 as one block and 9 as one block.
• Parse the 1 st block, if it is 1 append 1 to the 2 nd block else if it is 0 append 0 to the 1 st block itself.


The above table shows the number of keys needed for various X (Finger-Knuckle-Print) and Y (Finger Print) co-ordinates for a single Finger-Knuckle- Print.


In this paper, we proposed a Multi-Modal biometric system for secure transaction. This system provides more attention in terms of security, when compared to single instance biometric systems. The key is extracted from Finger-Knuckle-Print and Finger Print. This approach uses uniqueness of the user and how it can be efficiently used for secure transaction and authentication. In future it will be extended with other biometric samples like Iris, Palm Print, and Retina etc.


[1] T.Mekala and N.Madhu Suganya, “Secure Transaction Using Dynamic Session Key”, International Journal of Science and Modern Engineering (IJISME) ISSN: 2319- 6386, Volume-1, Issue-4, March 2013.

[2] E-channel System of the Hong Kong government, m

[3] A. Kumar and Y. Zhou, “Personal identification using finger knuckle orientation features ”,ELECTRONICS LETTERS 24th September 2009 Vol. 45 No. 20.

[4] Rui Z, Tao L, Shunyan H, Jianying S, “ A Novel Approach of Personal Identification Based on the Fusion of Multifinger Knuckleprints” Advances in information Sciences and Service Sciences(AISS) Volume3, Number10,November 2011.

[5] M.Bhavani and Mrs.ShobaRani, “Human Identification Using Finger and Iris Images” International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology- volume4, Issue3- 2013.

[6] A. Muthukumar and S. Kannan, “Finger Knuckle Print Recognition With Sift and K-Means Algorithm” ICTACT Journal on Image and Video Processing, February 2013, Volume: 03, Issue: 03 583

[7] Shubhangi Neware, Dr.Kamal Mehta and Dr.A.S.Zadgaonkar, “Finger Knuckle Identification using Principal Component Analysis and Nearest Mean Classifier” International Journal of Computer Application ( 0975-8887) Volume 70-No.9, May 2013.

[8] Mrs.S.S.Kulkarni and Dr.Mrs.R.D.Rout, “Secure Biometrics: Finger Knuckle Print” International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering Vol.1, Issue 10, December 2012.

[9] Ajay Kumar, Senior Member, IEEE, and Ch. Ravikanth, “Personal Authentication Using Finger Knuckle Surface” IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, Vol. 4, No. 1, March 2009.

[10] Rui Zhao, Kunlun Li , Ming Liu and Xue Sun, “A Novel Approach of Personal Identification Based on Single Knuckleprint Image” Asia-Pacific Conference on Information Processing, 2009.

[11] Lin Zhang, Lei Zhang, and David Zhang, “Finger-Knuckle- Print: A New Biometric Identifier”, Biometrics Research Center, Department of Computing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China.

[12] Lin Zhang, Lei Zhang, and David Zhang, “MonogenicCode: A Novel Fast Feature Coding Algorithm with Applications to Finger-Knuckle-Print Recognition” IEEE Transaction 2010.

[13] A.Morales, C.M. Travieso, M.A. Ferrer and J.B. Alonso, “ Improved Finger-Knuckle-Print Authentication based on Orientation Enhancement” ELECTRONIC LETTERS, Vol. 47, No. 6, 17th March 2011.

[14] Zhe Jin, Andrew Beng Jin Teoh, hian Song Ong, and Connie Tee,”Secure Minutiae- Based Fingerprint Templates Using Random Triangle Hashing” IVIC 2009, LNCS 5857, pp. 521–531. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009.