Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: An Outlook | Open Access Journals

ISSN: 2319-9865

Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: An Outlook

Kiran Mayee* and Mahesh G

Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis & Quality Assurance, MallaReddy College of Pharmacy, Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Corresponding Author:
Kiran Mayee
Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis & Quality Assurance
MallaReddy College of Pharmacy
Osmania University
Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Received: 04 January 2015; Revised: 06/02/2015; Accepted: 16 February 2015

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Abstract

Papillary Thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most usual form of well-differentiated thyroid cancer which appears as an irregular solid or cystic mass or nodule in a normal thyroid parenchyma. Present Outlook produce the key insights of thyroid Papillary Carcinoma at various levels in the Human body thus focusing affects, production, treatment and further occurrences of Papillary Thyroid carcinoma. Affects ought to be many; hence researchers in the field are striving for the better outcomes and cure of the disorder.

Keywords

Carcinoma, Papillary Thyroid, Serum Thyrotropin, Metacytes

Introduction

In spite of its well-differentiated characteristics, these tumors may spread easily to other organs [1,2]. The crucial prognostic factors related to thyroid carcinoma are gender, age, histology, size, grade, presence of extra thyroid extension, lymph node involvement, and completeness of resection [3]. PTC produces high reoccurrence rates even after continuous efforts made for management which range from 8-23% where mortality ranges from 38-69% [4]. The high metastasis regions affected are renal, colon, breast, lung and sarcoma.

Key Insights

Papillary Thyroid carcinoma reveal an enormous index of dissemination to other human body parts which lead to serious metastasis leading to secondary carcinoma in that areas spread.

For Example: When Ultrasound neck diagnosis was performed it has shown a lymph nodes metastasis near to thyroid gland [5]. Similarly lacrimal duct tumor metastasis occurs when PCT invasion rapidly sets in [6], Ulcerated Nodal Metastasis [7] and Primary Thyroid Tuberculosis [8]. Even squamous cell carcinoma may highly indulge in invading malignant neoplasm at accelerating levels in PCT affected individuals [9]. Even the parts of lungs are affected [10], Spinal cord animosities are attacked by PTC [11] and Nodular Goitre [12].

The concentration levels of Serum Thyrotropin [13] and Galectin-3 [14] greatly influences the invasion of metacytes in the PTC.

Conclusion

Several women are enormously affected with unique disorders of Thyroid gland, even which the women are stressed for the customs and culture they adopt like being fasting, which really show a drastic effect on her health. Recent analysis show that steroid injections lead to increase in intraocular pressure in the eyes which lead to serious thyroid distruction [15].

PTC have number of diagnostic therapies such as Completion Thyroidectomy [16,17], Radiofrequency ablation [18], sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy [19] Radioiodine Therapy [20-22], Strabismus Surgery [23], Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy Of Thyroid Nodules [24], Lithium Treatment [25] etc.

Recent analysis regarding PTC over 10 decades shows tenfold increase of malignancy in Korea followed by USA. It is also found that low and high maternal thyroid hormone levels during pregnancy generally affects the new born IQ levels, which is the future problem enabled. Use of radioactive iodine in chemotherapy also results in high incidence of invasion to other organs.

Every step in treatment should be with utmost care and précised as to avoid the future complications of other organ failure. Even having sufficient therapies the medicinal research is following down as thyroid cases are increasing drastically across the world particularly in women.

The references mentioned show the clear overlook on the PCT which is however not a case in atleast resolving the incidence to slight decrease of PCT which is really a question raised in the research.

Living an efficient life style with proper diet and health conditions can reduce the disease intensity gradually which is a point to be followed by every woman in their daily schedule.

References