Saccharum Officinarum: Yield Improvement
Shyam S Reddy1, Praveen Suddala2, Deepika HC3*, Persis Rose K4 and Prakash Kumar A5
1Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, India.
2Department of Pharmaceutics, Sri Krupa Institute of Pharmaceutics Sciences, Telangana, India.
3Department of Pharmaceutics, Malla Reddy institute of Pharmaceutical sciences, Secunderabad, India.
4Department of Biotechnology, Gokaraju Rangaraju Institute of Engineering & Technology, Hyderabad, India.
5Department of Biotechnology, Gitam Institute of Science, Gitam University, Visakhapatnam, India
- *Corresponding Author:
- Deepika HC
M. Pharmacy, Department of pharmaceutics, Malla Reddy Institute of pharmaceutical sciences, Maisammaguda, Secunderabad, Telangana-500014
Tel: 040 6463 4235
Received date: 18/05/2015; Revised date: 21/05/2015; Accepted date: 23/05/2015
Visit for more related articles at Research & Reviews: Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences
Saccharum Officinarum, Sugarcane, Yield Improvement, Plant Hormone, Ratooning
Sugarcane is rightly called as 'miracle stick' owing to its versatile utility what's more, the immense capacity to meet the requests of the thriving population. It is utilized in producing of sugar, bio-energizes, spirit other than era of electricity.[1-3] Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) too called "noble canes" by Dutch researchers, has a place with crew Poaceae also, family Saccharum. Sugarcane is the primary wellspring of sugar in all tropical and subtropical nations of the world with a yearly generation of 40-41million tons.[4-7]
Gur (Jaggery) is a characteristic, customary sweetener made by the convergance of sugarcane squeeze and is known everywhere throughout the world in diverse neighborhood names. It is a conventional grungy non-outward sugar devoured in Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean.[8-12] Containing all the minerals and vitamins display in sugarcane juice, it is known as healthiest sugar on the planet. India is the biggest maker and buyer of jaggery. Out of aggregate world generation, more than 70% is created in India.
Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) is a standout amongst the most critical agro-modern harvests in our nation. In 2009-10, the aggregate generation of sugarcane in the nation was around 292 million tons, creating around 63.50% of white sugar and 26.60% gur and khandsari, while in 2010-11 the aggregate creation of sugarcane was around 340 million tons, delivering about 70.70 million tons white sugar and 17.40 million tons gur and khandsari. India stands second among other sugarcane developing nations, contributing about 20.40% territory and 18.60% generation. Around 50-60% of the stick created is used for creation of jaggery and open dish sugar- khandsari.[14-20]
Saccharum officinarum yield can be improved by various methods.
1. Plant Hormone
6-Benzylaminopurine and Kinetin combination is utilized for shoot duplication which enhances the product yield. By utilizing the suitable ideal media mixes different genotypes can be popularized inside a brief time of time and supplement the routine spread which enhances both the quality and amount of the planting materials.[21-23]
6- benzylaminopurine (BAP) and Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) induces in vitro shoot multiplication which can use to complement the conventional propagation method.
2. Cultivation Methods
Ratooning is a novel regular attribute connected with a large portion of the crops. The trademark highlights of ratoon product is such that at the point when the shoot bit is gathered the remaining root framework being in place will bring about crisp tillers from auxiliary shoots and another harvest can be reaped amid the accompanying year.[25-27]
Soil moisture administration was one of the major and discriminating variables assuming awesome part amid sugarcane foundation in the dry season zones.[28-30] Defer in first watering system period altogether lessened the germination rate, tillering limit and root foundation of all mixed bags constraining to re-work of area arrangement and planting exercises.[31,32]
Micro propagation of sugarcane which includes Institutionalization and enhancement of shoot impelling and root actuation medium improves sugarcane yield.
3. Effect of Nutrients
Use of Nitrogen at higher measurements or additionally late use of Nitrogen at lower dosage enhanced seed stick quality through altogether upgrading in lessening sugar and aggregate nitrogen substance of the seed cane.[34-35]
This content of the article is scrutinized and approved by M. Murali and written by Deepika HC.
- Nikkhah A.Empowering World Economy through Fostering International Education in Agricultural Sciences. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2015; 3:e122.
- Nath A et al.Review on Recent Advances in Value Addition of Jaggery based Products. J Food Process Technol. 2015;6:440.
- Sticklen M.Transgenic, Cisgenic, Intragenic and Subgenic Crops. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2015;3:e123.
- Devarinti SR.Pollen Allergy: Common Weeds in Telangana and Their Management Measures. J Biofertil Biopestici. 2015;6:152.
- Suma R and Savitha CM Integrated Sugarcane Trash Management: A Novel Technology for Sustaining Soil Health and Sugarcane Yield. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2015;3:160.
- Umesh Kumar PK and Khan Chand.Application of Response Surface Method as an Experimental Design to Optimize Clarification Process Parameters for Sugarcane Juice. J Food Process Techno.2015;6:1-6.
- Dereje Shimelis et al Interaction Effects of 6-Benzylaminopurine and Kinetin on In vitro Shoot Multiplication of Two Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) Genotypes. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2014;2:1-5.
- Belay Tolera et al Response of Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) Varieties to BAP and IAA on In vitro Shoot Multiplication. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2014;2:1-4.
- Teshome Z et al. Effect of Nitrogen and Phosphorus on Yield Components, Yield and Sugarcane Juice Quality parameters of Soybean-Sugarcane Intercropping at Tendaho Sugar Factory. Biochem Physiol 2015;4:151.
- Umesh Kumar P and Chand K. Application of Response Surface Method as an Experimental Design to Optimize Clarification Process Parameters for Sugarcane Juice. J Food Process Technol. 2015;6:422
- Dametie A et al. Estimating Effect of Vinasse on Sugarcane through Application of Potassium Chloride at Metahara Sugarcane Plantation. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2014;2:154.
- Bikila M et al. Effects of Pre Cutting Nitrogen Application Rate and Time on Seed Cane Quality of Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) Crop at Finchaa Sugar Estate. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2014;2:152.
- Teshome Z et al. Effect of Nitrogen and Compost on Sugarcane (Saccharum Officinarum L.) at Metahara Sugarcane Plantation. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2014;2:153.
- Tamang D et al. Effect of Herbicide Application on Weed Management in Green Gram [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek]. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2015;3:163.
- Deivasigamani S. Influence on Certain Herbicides for the Control of Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia Crassipes (Mart.) Solms) and its Impact on Fish Mortality. J Biofertil Biopestici. 2013;4:138.
- Vimala B and Pratap M. Effect of Different Priming Methods on Seed Quality,Biochemical Changes and Storability of China Aster (Callistephus Chinensis L. Nees). J Horticulture. 2014:1:115.
- Tsegaye B et al. Impact of Sun Drying Methods and Layer Thickness on the Quality of Highland Arabica Coffee Varieties at Limmu, Southwestern Ethiopia. J Horticulture. 2014;1:117.
- Chang L et al. Transcriptome Analysis of the Chinese Cabbage (Brassica rapa Ssp. Pekinensis) Petal Using RNA-Seq. J Horticulture. 2014;1:114.
- Swamy NG et al. Evaluation of Certain Varieties and Hybrids of Capsicum for Quality Attributes under Shade Net. J Horticulture. 2015:2:124.
- Jian-Long Xu and Jauhar Ali. Connecting Rice Germplasm to Plant Breeding: Backcrossing for Allele Mining and Recurrent Selection for Allele Pyramiding Through Molecular Marker Technology. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2014;2:e114.
- Hadush Hagos et al.Effect of First Irrigation Period on Sugarcane (Saccharium officinarium L.) Establishment in the Drought Areas of Tendaho, Ethiopia. Adv Crop Sci Tech.2014;2:1-4. 4 e-ISSN: 2347-226X p-ISSN: 2319-9857 RRJAAS | Volume 4 | Issue 1 | January - March, 2015
- Nikkhah A. Nutrient Assimilation Circadian Physiology: A Novel SciTech in Integrative Crop Production. Adv Crop Sci Tech. (2015);3:e121.
- Jiang P et al. Optimization of EMS Mutagenesis on Petunia for Tilling, Ethiopia. Adv Crop Sci Tech.2014;2:141.
- Jiang P. Molecular Tools for Nursery Plant Production. Adv Crop Sci Tech. 2014;2:146.
- Gupta G .et al.Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR): Current and Future Prospects for Development of Sustainable Agriculture. J Microb Biochem Technol.2015;7:096-102.
- Teshome Z and Kibret K. Characterization of Soil Management Groups of Metahara Sugar Estate in Terms of their Physical and Hydraulic Properties. Adv Crop Sci Tech.2015;3:159.
- Devarinti SR.Pollen Allergy: Common Weeds in Telangana and Their Management Measures. J Biofertil Biopestici.2015;6:152.
- Khraiwesh B. RNA-Mediated Crop Improvement. J Biotechnol Biomaterial.2011;1:e107.
- Katam K. et al. Advances in Proteomics and Bioinformatics in Agriculture Research and Crop Improvement. J Proteomics Bioinform.2015;8:039-048.
- Kharkongar HP et al.(2012) Wide Hybridization and Embryo-Rescue for Crop Improvement in Solanum. Agrotechnol S11:004.
- Berger-Doyle J et al.Planting Date, Irrigation, and Row Spacing Effects on Agronomic Traits of Food-grade Soybean. Adv Crop Sci Tech.2014;2:149.
- Mijena Bikila et al. Effects of Pre Cutting Nitrogen Application Rate and Time on Seed Cane Quality of Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) Crop at Finchaa Sugar Estate. Adv Crop Sci Tech.2014;2:1-7.
- Okii D et al.Application of Bioinformatics in Crop Improvement: Annotating the Putative Soybean Rust resistance gene Rpp3 for Enhancing Marker Assisted Selection. J Proteomics Bioinform.2014;7:001-009.
- Khraiwesh B. RNA-Mediated Crop Improvement. J Biotechnol Biomaterial. 2011;1:e107.
- Katam K et al. Advances in Proteomics and Bioinformatics in Agriculture Research and Crop Improvement. J Proteomics Bioinform.2015;8:039-048.