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Saccharum Officinarum: Yield Improvement

Shyam S Reddy1, Praveen Suddala2, Deepika HC3*, Persis Rose K4 and Prakash Kumar A5

1Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, India.

2Department of Pharmaceutics, Sri Krupa Institute of Pharmaceutics Sciences, Telangana, India.

3Department of Pharmaceutics, Malla Reddy institute of Pharmaceutical sciences, Secunderabad, India.

4Department of Biotechnology, Gokaraju Rangaraju Institute of Engineering & Technology, Hyderabad, India.

5Department of Biotechnology, Gitam Institute of Science, Gitam University, Visakhapatnam, India

*Corresponding Author:
Deepika HC
M. Pharmacy, Department of pharmaceutics, Malla Reddy Institute of pharmaceutical sciences, Maisammaguda, Secunderabad, Telangana-500014
Tel: 040 6463 4235
E-mail: harichandra.deepika324@gmail.com

Received date: 18/05/2015; Revised date: 21/05/2015; Accepted date: 23/05/2015

Visit for more related articles at Research & Reviews: Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences

Keywords

Saccharum Officinarum, Sugarcane, Yield Improvement, Plant Hormone, Ratooning

Introduction

Sugarcane is rightly called as 'miracle stick' owing to its versatile utility what's more, the immense capacity to meet the requests of the thriving population. It is utilized in producing of sugar, bio-energizes, spirit other than era of electricity.[1-3] Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) too called "noble canes" by Dutch researchers, has a place with crew Poaceae also, family Saccharum. Sugarcane is the primary wellspring of sugar in all tropical and subtropical nations of the world with a yearly generation of 40-41million tons.[4-7]

Gur (Jaggery) is a characteristic, customary sweetener made by the convergance of sugarcane squeeze and is known everywhere throughout the world in diverse neighborhood names. It is a conventional grungy non-outward sugar devoured in Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean.[8-12] Containing all the minerals and vitamins display in sugarcane juice, it is known as healthiest sugar on the planet. India is the biggest maker and buyer of jaggery. Out of aggregate world generation, more than 70% is created in India.[13]

Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) is a standout amongst the most critical agro-modern harvests in our nation. In 2009-10, the aggregate generation of sugarcane in the nation was around 292 million tons, creating around 63.50% of white sugar and 26.60% gur and khandsari, while in 2010-11 the aggregate creation of sugarcane was around 340 million tons, delivering about 70.70 million tons white sugar and 17.40 million tons gur and khandsari. India stands second among other sugarcane developing nations, contributing about 20.40% territory and 18.60% generation. Around 50-60% of the stick created is used for creation of jaggery and open dish sugar- khandsari.[14-20]

Yield Improvement

Saccharum officinarum yield can be improved by various methods.

1. Plant Hormone

6-Benzylaminopurine and Kinetin combination is utilized for shoot duplication which enhances the product yield. By utilizing the suitable ideal media mixes different genotypes can be popularized inside a brief time of time and supplement the routine spread which enhances both the quality and amount of the planting materials.[21-23]

6- benzylaminopurine (BAP) and Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) induces in vitro shoot multiplication which can use to complement the conventional propagation method.[24]

2. Cultivation Methods

Ratoon Management

Ratooning is a novel regular attribute connected with a large portion of the crops. The trademark highlights of ratoon product is such that at the point when the shoot bit is gathered the remaining root framework being in place will bring about crisp tillers from auxiliary shoots and another harvest can be reaped amid the accompanying year.[25-27]

Irrigation Period

Soil moisture administration was one of the major and discriminating variables assuming awesome part amid sugarcane foundation in the dry season zones.[28-30] Defer in first watering system period altogether lessened the germination rate, tillering limit and root foundation of all mixed bags constraining to re-work of area arrangement and planting exercises.[31,32]

Micro propagation

Micro propagation of sugarcane which includes Institutionalization and enhancement of shoot impelling and root actuation medium improves sugarcane yield.[33]

3. Effect of Nutrients

Use of Nitrogen at higher measurements or additionally late use of Nitrogen at lower dosage enhanced seed stick quality through altogether upgrading in lessening sugar and aggregate nitrogen substance of the seed cane.[34-35]

Acknowledgment

This content of the article is scrutinized and approved by M. Murali and written by Deepika HC.

References