Fermentation in food process is that the conversion of carbohydrates to alcohols and carbonic acid gas or organic acids victimization yeasts, bacteria, or a mix therefrom, underneath anaerobic conditions. Fermentation typically implies that the action of microorganisms is fascinating. The science of fermentation is additionally referred to as zymology or biochemistry. The term “fermentation” is usually accustomed specifically consult with the chemical conversion of sugars into plant product, a method that is employed to supply alcoholic beverages like wine, beer, and cider. Fermentation is additionally used within the leavening of bread (CO2 made by yeast activity); in preservation techniques to supply carboxylic acid in bitter foods like dish, dry sausages, kimchi, and yogurt; and in pickling of foods with vinegar (acetic acid) .
Gopalarao vuppala, Rama Krishna, Krishna Murthy