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Research Article Open Access

Prevalence of Irritable Bowel Syndrome among Medical Students and Interns in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Abstract

Objective: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common gastrointestinal disease presenting with abdominal pain, discomfort and bloating, along with change in bowel habits. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of IBS and its associated risk factors among the medical students and interns of King Saud bin Abdulaziz University (KSAU-HS), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among the 179 medical students of the university through a face-to-face following the validated self-designed questionnaire which constitute items to describe their demographic profile, diagnose IBS using Rome IV criteria and Kessler 6 criteria of psychological distress assessment. Results: The IBS prevalence was 15.64% with males having more diagnosed cases 13% than that of the females. However, there was no statistically significant difference on the prevalence of IBS between the male and female population with a p value >0.05. High level of stress, family history of IBS, and lack of exercise were found to be significantly associated with IBS with a p-value of 0.00, 0.045 and 0.0229, respectively (p

Mohammed Y Hasosah, Samer A Alamri, Faisal A Al-Husayni, Rakan M. Aljedaani, Mohammad A Zwawyand Abdulaziz A Al-Zahrani

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