Review on Image Segmentation, Clustering and Boundary Encoding | Abstract

ISSN ONLINE(2319-8753)PRINT(2347-6710)

Research Article Open Access

Review on Image Segmentation, Clustering and Boundary Encoding

Abstract

Identification of an object in an image is the main objective of image segmentation which can be further applied to object recognition. Image segmentation can be described as a process of segregating an image into different parts which give a meaningful representation to the image. Clustering algorithms are very popular in image segmentation,but the number of regions of the image and initial cluster centroids has to be known a priori. To represent objects, boundary encoding of the objects or segments is also one of the important tasks. Presently,to find the best polygon that achieves a small distortion for a given number of vertices for boundary encoding of segments or objects is a challenging task. Several methods for encoding of object boundaries are known that use the concept of chain codes, B-spline, convex hull or Delaunay triangulation approach etc. A review of various segmentation approaches, clustering algorithms applied to image segmentation as well as boundary encoding algorithms is done in this paper

Shah Nilima , PatelDhanesh , JivaniAnjali

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