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Lactic Acid Bacteria


Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) are Gram-positive, non-spore forming cocci, coccobacilli or rods with a DNA base composition of much less than fifty three mol% G+C. All LAB develop anaerobically, however in contrast to most anaerobes, they develop in the presence of O2 as "aero tolerant anaerobes". They usually are non-respiratory and lack catalase. They ferment glucose especially to lactic acid, or to lactic acid, CO2 and ethanol. Although they lack catalase, they possess superoxide dismutase and have choice means to detoxify peroxide radicals, normally thru peroxidase enzymes. OMICS International Group thru its Open-access Initiative is dedicated to make authentic and dependable contributions to the scientific community.

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