ISSN: 2319-9865

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Antibiotic Resistance: Threat to Human Health

Srinitha B*

Department of Pharmaceutics, Vishwanadha Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vishakhapatnam, India

Corresponding Author:
Srinitha B
Department of Pharmaceutics
Vishwanadha Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Vishakhapatnam, India
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: 02/02/2021; Accepted Date: 15/02/2021; Published Date: 21/02/2021

Visit for more related articles at Research & Reviews: Journal of Medical and Health Sciences


Metabolism; Diabetes; Obesity; Endocrine system


Antibiotic resistance occurs when microbes; bacteria and fungi adopt the capacity to defeat the drugs made to kill them. Which means the drugs do not kill the microbes and the microbes continue growing.

Infections caused by antibiotic tolerant germs are troublesome, and now and then incomprehensible, to treat. In most cases, Antibiotic resistant diseases require prolonged hospitalization, intensive care, and expensive and poisonous substitutions. Antibiotic resistance does not cruel the body is getting to be safe to Anti-biotic; it is that microbes have gotten to be safe to the Anti-biotic planned to murder them.

Human/animal body does not develop any resistance against antibiotics; this is bacteria that become tolerant to the antibiotics prepared to eliminate them.

Antibiotic Tolerance Undermines Everybody

Germ-killing substance resistance has the possible ability to influence people of any age group, as well as the class of people who work hard and don't make a lot of money, making it one of the world's most pressing open wellbeing problems. Each year within the U.S., at smallest 2.8 million people are contaminated with hard to treat tiny living things or things that feed off of, and weaken, other things, and more than 35,000 people pass on as a result. No one can totally avoid the chance of safe sicknesses, but a few people are at more important chance than others for case, people with constant sicknesses. In case anti-microbials lose their how good or good enough something is, at that point we lose the ability to treat contaminations and control open wellbeing threats. Many medicine/healing pushes are subordinate on the ability to fight sicknesses using anti-microbials, counting combined substitutions, organ transplants, cancer treatment, and treatment of constant sicknesses like disease where blood sugar swings wildly, breathing disease, and rheumatoid joint pain.

Prevention and Control

Anti-biotic tolerance is increased/improved by overuse and/or wrong and bad use of germ-killing drugs, as well as not enough prevention and management of infections. Actions to decrease the effect and limit the spread of the tolerance should be taken at all levels of community of people/all good people in the world; individual; policy; health care; industry; farming; etc.

At the level of individual

An individual can contribute to limit anti-biotic tolerance by practicing few smaller things:

• Say no to antibiotics without doctor’s prescription

• Do not force your doctor to provide antibiotics

• Follow your doctor’s advice on antibiotics use

• Take only as much as prescribed by the doctor

• Washing hands regularly have hygienic food; avoid close contact to sick people; proper vaccinations

• While preparing food follow WHO five keys; keep clean, separate raw and cooked, cook thoroughly, keep food at safe temperatures, use safe water and raw materials.

Policy makers

Policies for the prevention and control of the spread of antibiotic resistance should follow:

• Action plan to contain the resistance in its place of occurrence

• Proper surveillance of antibiotic-resistant infections

• Strong policies for prevention and control of infection

• Policies for proper use and disposal left over/unused antibiotics

• Make information available on the impact of antibiotic resistance

Health professionals

Health care workers are keystone in anti-biotic resistance prevention and control:

• While at work ensure cleanliness of your hands, appliances, and the environment

• Need based prescription and dispensing of antibiotics within the set guidelines

• In case of anti-biotic resistant infections immediate inform to responsible authorities

• Guide your patients about correct use of anti-biotics; anti-biotic resistance and possible threats if misused

• Proper guidance to your patients about hygiene, vaccination, safer sex, and sneezing behaviours

Healthcare industry

Health industries should increase their investments in R&D of diagnostics; antibiotics; vaccines, other related tools.

Agriculture sector

Agriculture is another major sector which contributes to antibiotic resistance. It can prevent the spread by:

• Consult to veterinary before every use of antibiotics to animals

• Antibiotics should not be used for better growth of livestock and as preventive measures

• Proper animal vaccination should be followed

• Apply good practices for production and post-harvest processing of animal feed and fodder

• Maintain proper animal hygiene