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Development and Validation of RP-HPLC Method for Simultaneous Estimation of Atorvastatin Calcium and Ramipril in Tablet Dosage Forms

Hari Krishna*, Niharanjandas

Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, Avanthi Institute of Pharmaceutical Science, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Hyderabad, Telangana, India

*Corresponding Author:
Hari Krishna
Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis
Avanthi Institute of Pharmaceutical Science
Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University
Hyderabad, Telangana
India
Tel: 8978218032
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: 05/05/2021; Accepted date: 21/05/2021; Published date: 28/06/2021

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Abstract

Objective: A New method was established for simultaneous estimation of atorvastatin calcium and ramipril by RP-HPLC method.

Methods: Chromatographic separations were carried using phenomenex luna C18 (250 × 4.6 mm, 5μm) column with a mobile phase composition of methanol in addition to phosphate cradle (0.1% v/v triethylamine pH 4.5 well balanced with 0.1% v/v orthophosphoric harsh) have been delivered at a flow rate of 1 ml/min and the detection was carried out using waters HPLC auto sampler, separation module 2695 HPLC system with PDA detector at wavelength 254 nm. The running time 12 min.

Results: The retention time for atorvastatin and ramipril were 3.02 and 6.10 minute respectively. The correlation coefficient values in linearity were found to be 0.999 and concentration range 20-70 μg/ml for atorvastatin and 20-70 μg/ml for ramipril respectively. For accuracy, the total recovery was found to be 99.8% and 99.8% for atorvastatin and ramipril. LOD and LOQ for atorvastatin 2.95 and 9.96. LOD and LOQ for ramipril 3.34 and 10.05

Conclusion: The results of study showed that the proposed RP‐HPLC method is a simple, accurate, precise, rugged, robust, fast and reproducible, which may be useful for the routine estimation of atorvastatin calcium and ramipril in tablet dosage form.

Keywords

Escherichia coli, Biosensor, Glycerol, Adaptive Laboratory Evolution, L-serine

Introduction

Atorvastatin (Lipitor®) is a lipid-lowering drug included in the statin class of medications. By inhibiting the endogenous production of cholesterol in the liver, statins lower abnormal cholesterol and lipid levels, and ultimately reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. More specifically, statin medications competitively inhibit the enzyme Hydroxy Methyl Glutaryl-Coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) Reductase, which catalyzes the conversion of HMG-CoA to mevalonic acid [1]. This conversion is a critical metabolic reaction involved in the production of several compounds involved in lipid metabolism and transport, including cholesterol, Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) (sometimes referred to as "bad cholesterol"), and Very-Low-Density Lipoprotein (VLDL). IUPAC name calcium bis((3R,5R)-7-[2-(4-fluorophenyl)-3-phenyl-4-(phenylcarbamoyl)-5-(propan-2-yl)-1H-pyrrol-1-yl]-3,5-dihydroxyheptanoate). Chemical formula C66H68CaF2N4O10. Molecular weight 1155.34. Atorvastatin (calcium salt hydrate) is soluble in organic solvents such as ethanol, DMSO, and Dimethyl Formamide (DMF), which should be purged with an inert gas. The solubility of atorvastatin (calcium salt hydrate) in these solvents is approximately 0.5, 15, and 25 mg/ml, respectively.

Ramipril is a prodrug belonging to the Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitor class of medications. It is metabolized to ramiprilat in the liver and, to a lesser extent, kidneys. Ramiprilat is a potent, competitive inhibitor of ACE, the enzyme responsible for the conversion of Angiotensin I (ATI) to Angiotensin II (ATII). ATII regulates blood pressure and is a key component of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS). Ramipril may be used in the treatment of hypertension, congestive heart failure, nephropathy, and to reduce the rate of death, myocardial infarction and stroke in individuals at high risk of cardiovascular events [2]. IUPAC name (2S,3aS,6aS)-1-[(2S)-2-{[(2S)-1-ethoxy-1-oxo-4-phenylbutan-2-yl]amino}propanoyl]-octahydrocyclopenta[b]pyrrole-2-carboxylicacid. Chemical formula C23H32N2O5. Molecular weight 416.58. Ramipril is soluble in organic solvents such as ethanol, DMSO, and Dimethyl Formamide (DMF), which should be purged with an inert gas. The solubility of ramipril in ethanol is approximately 25 mg/ml and approximately 30 mg/ml in DMSO and DMF (Figures 1 and 2).

Atorvastatin

Figure 1: Structure of Atorvastatin calcium.

Ramipril

Figure 2: Structure of Ramipril.

The literature survey revealed that There are very few methods reported in the literature for analysis of atorvastatin calcium and ramipril alone or in combination with other drugs in the pure form and pharmaceuticals formulations by RP-HPLC [2-7], RP-LC [8]. In view of the need for a suitable, cost-effective RP-HPLC method for routine analysis of simultaneous estimation of atorvastatin calcium and ramipril in tablet dosage form, attempts were made to develop simple, precise, accurate and cost-effective analytical method for the estimation of atorvastatin calcium and ramipril. The proposed method will be validated as per ICH guidelines. The objective of the proposed work is to develop a new, simple, sensitive, accurate and economical analytical method and validation for the Simultaneous estimation of Atorvastatin calcium and ramipril in tablet dosage form by using RP-HPLC. To validate the developed method in accordance with ICH guidelines for the intended analytical application i.e., to apply the proposed method for analysis of the drug in its dosage form. To apply the developed method for the simultaneous estimation of atorvastatin calcium and ramipril in tablet dosage form.

Materials and Methods

Chemicals and reagents

Atorvastatin calcium and ramipril were purchased from gland pharma india limited. NaH2PO4 was analytical grade supplied by finerchem limited, orthophosphoric acid (Merck), and water and methanol for HPLC (Lichrosolv (Merck).

Equipment and chromatographic conditions

The chromatography was performed on a Waters 2695 HPLC system, equipped with an auto sampler, UV detector and empower 2 software. Analysis was carried out at 274 nm with column symmetry C 18 (4.6 × 150 mm, 5 μm), dimensions at 25°C temperature. The optimized mobile phase consists of Sodium phosphate buffer 2.5 pH and acetonitrile (20:80). Flow rate was maintained at 1 ml/min and run time for 12 min.

Preparation of solutions

Preparation of buffer: Accurately weigh and dissolve 1.3 grams of potassium dihydrogen ortho phosphate in 500 ml of water and adjust the pH-2.6 with orthophosphoric acid and degassed in an ultrasonic water bath for 10 minutes and then filtered through 0.45 μ filter under vacuum filtration.

Preparation of mobile phase: Accurately measured 200 ml of methanol and 800 ml of water were mixed and degassed in an ultrasonic water bath for 10 minutes and then filtered through 0.45 μ filter under vacuum filtration.

The diluents: The mobile phase was used as the diluent.

Preparation of standard stock solution: Accurately weigh and transfer 10 mg of Atorvastatin and 10 mg of ramipril working standard into a 100 ml clean dry volumetric flask add little amount of diluent and sonicate to dissolve it completely and make volume up to the mark with the same solvent (stock solution). Further pipette 1.5 ml of the above stock solutions into a 10 ml volumetric flask and dilute up to the mark with diluent.

Preparation of Sample stock solution: Accurately weigh and transfer equivalent to 25 mg of atorvastatin and 25 mg of ramipril sample into a 100 ml clean dry volumetric flask add little amount of diluent and sonicate to dissolve it completely and make volume up to the mark with the same solvent (stock solution). Further pipette 0.1 ml of the above stock solutions into a 10 ml volumetric flask and dilute up to the mark with diluent.

Procedure: 20 μL of standard and sample solutions were injected into the LC-system and measure the peak areas for atorvastatin and ramipril.

Method

The developed chromatographic method was validated for system suitability, linearity accuracy, precision, ruggedness and robustness as per ICH guidelines.

System suitability parameters: To evaluate system suitability parameters such as retention time, tailing factor and USP theoretical plate count, the mobile phase was allowed to flow through the column at a flow rate of 1.0 ml/min for 12 minutes to equilibrate the column at ambient temperature. Chromatographic separation was achieved by injecting a volume of 20 μL of standard into phenomenex luna C18 (250 × 4.6 mm, 5μm), the mobile phase of composition methanol in addition to phosphate cradle was allowed to flow through the column at a flow rate of 1.0 ml per minute. Retention time, tailing factor and USP theoretical plate count of the developed method are shown in Table 1.

Assay of pharmaceutical formulation: The proposed validated method was successfully applied to determine Atorvastatin and Ramipril in their tablet dosage form. The result obtained for Atorvastatin and Ramipril was comparable with the corresponding labeled amounts and they were shown in Table 2.

Validation of analytical method

Linearity and range: Stock solution was prepared by dissolving the appropriate amount of atorvastatin and in 7 ml of diluent and further diluted to the required concentrations with diluent. The solution ramipril was prepared at five concentration levels ranging from 800 μg/ml to 2400 μg/ml of atorvastatin and 30 μg/ml to 60 μg/ml of ramipril. Inject each level into the chromatographic system and measure the peak area. Plot a graph of peak area versus concentration (on X-axis concentration and on Y-axis peak area) and calculate the correlation coefficient. The results are shown in Table 3.

Accuracy studies: The accuracy was determined by help of recovery study. The recovery method carried out at three level 50%, 100%, 150%. Inject the standard solutions into chromatographic system. Calculate the amount found and amount added for atorvastatin and ramipril and calculate the individual recovery and mean recovery values. The results are shown in Tables 4 and 5.

Precision studies: Precision was calculated from coefficient of variance for six replicate injections of the standard. The standard solution was injected for six times and measured the area for all six Injections in HPLC. The %RSD for the area of six replicate injections was found. The results are shown in Tables 6 and 7.

Ruggedness: To evaluate the intermediate precision of the method, precision was performed on different day. The standard solution was injected for five times and measured the area for all five injections in HPLC. The %RSD for the area of five replicate injections was found. The results are shown in Tables 8 and 9.

Robustness: As part of the robustness, deliberate change in the flow rate, mobile phase composition, temperature variation was made to evaluate the impact on the method. The flow rate was varied ± 0.1 ml/min. The results are shown in Tables 10 and 11.

LOD and LOQ: The sensitivity of RP-HPLC was determined from LOD and LOQ. Which were calculated from the calibration curve using the following equations as per ICH guidelines. The results are shown in Table 12.

LOD=3.3 σ/S and
LOQ=10 σ/S, where
σ=Standard deviation of y intercept of regression line
S=Slope of the calibration curve

Results and Discussion

Parameters Ramipril Atorvastatin
Retention time 6.1 3
USP Plate count 2711 3428
USP Tailing 1.6 1.3

Table 1. System suitability parameters.

  Label Claim (mg) %Assay
Ramipril 10 100.82
Atorvastatin 10 100.91

Table 2. Assay results for ramipril and atorvastatin.

S.No: Concentration Peak Area Peak Area
(µg/ml) Ramipril Atorvastatin
1 20ppm 467525 467525
2 30ppm 668668 668668
3 40ppm 899412 899412
4 50ppm 1128421 1128421
5 60ppm 1365426 1365426
6 70ppm 1594287 1594287
Mean   1131243 1131243
Co-relation Coefficient   0.999 0.999

Table 3. Linearity results for ramipril and atorvastatin.

%Concentration Area Amount Added Amount Found %
Recovery
Mean Recovery
(at specification Level) (μg/ml) (μg/ml)
50% 460216 10 10.05 99.70% 99.80%
100% 923742 20 20.05 99.90%
150% 1386984 30 30.02 99.70%

Table 4. Showing accuracy results for ramipril.

%Concentration Area Amount Added Amount Found %
Recovery
Mean Recovery
(at specification Level) (μg/ml) (μg/ml)
50% 276897 40 40.08 99.70% 99.8
100% 556371 80 80.17 99.80%
150% 828349 120 121.07 99.80%

Table 5. Showing accuracy results for atorvastatin.

Sr. No. Sample area Standard area Percentage purity
1 983375 971536 101.04
2 985049 973007 101.03
3 982956 975717 100.54
4 985219 978909 100.44
5 994145 981422 101.09
Average     100.84
%RSD     0.304

Table 6. Precision results for ramipril.

Sr. No. Sample area Standard Area Percentage Purity
1 592403 577531 101.36
2 592352 580381 101.85
3 592357 577723 102.32
4 592323 582190 101.44
5 596525 583378 101.09
Average     101.24
%RSD     0.46

Table 7. Precision results for atorvastatin.

Sr. No Sample area Standard area Percentage Purity
1 979556 984395 99.3
2 982467 984039 99.64
3 979717 983976 99.36
4 978909 984278 99.28
5 981432 973915 100.57
Average     99.63
%RSD     0.54

Table 8. Ruggedness results of ramipril and atorvastatin.

S. No Sample area Standard area Percentage
1 583416 593403 99.12
2 583657 594352 99.01
3 584731 593357 99.52
4 583594 592673 99.61
5 597649 593671 99.12
Average     99.27
%RSD     0.27

Table 9. Ruggedness results of ramipril and atorvastatin.

Robustness results

  S. No Peak Area for Not as much of flow Peak Area for Additional flow
rate (0.7 ml/min) rate (0.9 ml/min)
  Ramipril Atorvastatin Ramipril Atorvastatin
1 980365 574981 974803 593791
2 985334 582941 973491 594572
3 984967 582494 971234 598901
4 985907 589480 974984 593456
5 994245 584468 984542 583453
Mean 986306 582223 976755 591667
%RSD 0.45 0.8 0.53 0.8

Table 10. Flow variation results for ramipril and atorvastatin.

S. No Peak area for Less Peak area for More
organic phase (70 %) organic phase (90%)
  Ramipril Atorvastatin Ramipril Atorvastatin
1 988865 574671 980985 599871
2 987834 585781 983757 599472
3 988968 588977 989869 594561
4 989016 585762 983454 592476
5 998947 585898 997472 589633
Mean 985676 586798 984561 597487
%RSD 0.45 0.9 0.51 0.57

Table 11. Result for effect of inconsistency in mobile phase configuration (organic phase).

Drug LOD LOQ
Ramipril 3.34 10.05
Atorvastatin 2.95 9.96

Table 12. LOD, LOQ of atorvastatin and ramipril.

chromatogram

Figure 3: Standard chromatogram for ramipril and atorvastatin.

Sample

Figure 4: Sample chromatogram for ramipril and atorvastatin.

Blank

Figure 5: Blank chromatogram.

Linearity

Figure 6: Linearity graph for ramipril.

graph

Figure 7: Linearity graph for atorvastatin.

Conclusion

The proposed HPLC method was found to be simple, precise, accurate and sensitive for the simultaneous estimation of atorvastatin and ramipril in pharmaceutical dosage forms. Hence, this method can easily and conveniently adopt for routine quality control analysis of Atorvastatin and Ramipril in pure and its pharmaceutical dosage forms.

References

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