A Review On How Animals Contribute As A Factor To Antibiotic Resistance
The development and spread of antibiotic resistance have become a major cause of concern. Over a past few decades, no major new types of antibiotics have been produced and almost all known antibiotics are losing their activity against pathogenic organisms. Over-use and misuse of antimicrobials in animals and humans is contributing to the rising threat of antibiotic resistance as some types of infections in humans have already developed resistance to most of the antibiotics available for treatment. The surge in the growth of multi drug resistant bacteria in animals and animal products holds as a consequence to the inappropriate use of antimicrobials. The food chain is an important contributor to the development and dissemination of antibiotic resistant pathogens. The resistance is transmitted to humans directly by contact or indirectly posing risk to human health.