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Cloud computing as Emerging Revolution in Distributed Computing

Karthik Kumar. M*

Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Jawaharlal Nehru Technology University, Hyderabad, India

*Corresponding Author:
Karthik Kumar. M
Computer Science and Engineering
Email: [email protected]
Phone: 8886045687

Received: 15-01-2015 Accepted: 25-02-2015 Published: 22-03-2015

Visit for more related articles at Research & Reviews: Journal of Engineering and Technology


Security has become a key issue in case of systems under any network and framework enrolling in computation intensive organizations. In present day’s high end networking facilities are available where multiple servers remain in communication to each other even after being isolated geographically, such aspects demands more secure connectivity to enhance the utilization of the network in a proper fashion. Dispersed registering enables customers to access the resources online through the World Wide Web from anywhere in a hassle free manner. Furthermore, reducing the transmission delay of the resources and making it smooth, fast and adaptable. Circulated registering maintains a free figuring procedure and it differs from framework and utility enrolling.


Cloud Computing, Virtualization, Data Storage, Security of Data.


Distributed computing refers to utilizing an outsider system managed by remote server facilitated on the web which allows storing and dealing with all our information rather than restricting only for intranet application. Basically, cloud administrations [1-6] furnish better utilization and user friendly application on the web. Such administrations are well known as they are moderate, advantageous and provide sufficient storage room. The greatest facility of such administrations are their openness where we can access and maintain our archives, photographs, features and all other records which are valuable to us applying any gadget with web access. With cloud facility we can have connectivity and utilization from everywhere, such as, from home, workplace or even from on the go through a tablet, desktop, advanced mobile phone or other handheld gadget. A major percentage of the world's biggest tech organizations have propelled cloud administrations, including Apple, Amazon and Google.

Another major need of the cloud computing is the increase in computing demand in various scientific applications, data analysis and data mining [7-10] projects. Computing memory and virtual space are in huge demand for large scientific calculations such weather and climate modeling and forecasting analysis [11-15], bioinformatics analyses containing sequence analysis [16-20], biological data mining [21-25], drug discovery, robotics, virtual scientific database maintenance and other scientific requirement.

These needs of higher level of computing enabled us to generate more and better computing storage and resources and develop better applications. High performance computing yielded the facilities we needed but at the present time when generation of raw data is huge and extensive analysis is demanded, we need to move ahead one step forward and cloud computing is the result of such thought.

Internet Cloud Services

An administration that stores our information on a server rather than any local storage unit helps us to access the data from any Internet empowered gadget.

Continuous accessibility of vital data has never been less demanding while maintaining high level of security. At times, apparent loss [26-29] of information could be retrieved if the data is alongside stored in the cloud. Individual management of accounts and costly hardware maintenance is always not possible for an individual, whereas, heap of data could be managed through shared mode of computing. The only concern from a user perspective is that we should simply be safe while we utilize them with accurate accreditations [30-34].

Private Cloud: A private cloud is a particular model of secure cloud based environment in which simply the predefined client can work. [35-39] Similarly, with other cloud models, private fogs will facilitate initial requirement as an organization within a virtualized space using a fundamental pool of physical figuring resource. Regardless, under the private cloud system, the cloud is only accessible by a single affiliation while giving that affiliation paramount control and security.

Public Cloud: An open cloud is the one which refers to an organization supplier makes resources, for instance, unlimited and unrestricted applications, [40-46] available to the general populace over the Internet. Open cloud organizations may be free or offered on a pay-each utilization model.

Platform as a service (PaaS)

In the PaaS models, cloud suppliers provides an enlisting stage, routinely including working structure, programming lingo execution environment, database, and web server [47-53]. Application designers can make and run their customized item and manage their courses of action on a cloud stage without the cost and complication of buying and managing the crucial hardware and programming layers. With some PaaS offers, such as, Microsoft Azure and Google App Engine, allows the cloud customer access to a cloud where greater application could be used without much hardware requirement. The later has furthermore been proposed by a development displaying, hoping to support progressing in cloud circumstances. [54-61] extensively, more specific applications can be accessed and organized through PaaS, e.g., for instance, media encoding as bit coding or trans-coding cloud.

Software as a service (SaaS)

Using programming as an organization (SaaS), customers are offered access to application programming and databases. [62-67] Cloud suppliers manage the structure and stages that run the applications. SaaS is occasionally implied as "on-enthusiasm programming" and is typically assessed on a pay-each usage using an enrollment charge. In the SaaS model, cloud suppliers present and develops application programming in the cloud and the clients receives the item from the cloud suppliers. Clients don’t manage the cloud system and stage where the application runs. This avoids the need to present and run the application on the cloud customer's own PCs, [68-73] which streamlines the usage and sponsorship. Cloud applications are not the same as diverse applications in their flexibility which can be achieved by cloning errands onto different virtual machines at run-time to deal with changing work request. Load balancers pass on the work over the course of action of virtual machines [74,75].

This framework is clear to the cloud client, who sees just a solitary access point. To suit endless clients, cloud applications can be multitenant, that is, any machine serves more than one cloud client connection.

For each customer the cost is imposed after assessing the usage of the model for SaaS applications by month to month or yearly, therefore, application cost for the customers is versatile and adaptable and the customers remains flexible with the usage and availing the service. [76-82] SaaS permits a business possibility to decrease IT operational expenses by outsourcing equipment and programming support and providing support to the cloud supplier. This empowers the business to reallocate IT operations costs far from equipment/programming spending and staff costs, towards meeting different important objectives. Furthermore, with applications facilitated halfway, [83-87] redesigns can be discharged without the requirement for clients to put in new programming. One disadvantage of SaaS is that the client’s information is put away on the cloud supplier's server. Therefore, there could be unapproved access to the information. Hence, clients are progressively receiving keen outsider key administration frameworks to secure their information.

Storage of data in Cloud

Distributed storage arrangements come in all shapes and sizes [88]. They are:

(i) Drop box

(ii) SugarSync

(iii) Amazon Cloud Drive

(iv) Windows Live Mesh


(vi) Microsoft OneDrive

Dropbox: It is easy to use and store files in the cloud and one can access any time from the Dropbox website and desktop applications for all operating systems like, Mac, Windows and Linux. Dropbox is providing space of data which varies from 2GB to 16 GB [89].

SugarSync: Through this one can simply synchronize the records related to diverse customers and mobiles. The records can be moved and customized into envelopes. SugarSync desktops consequently synchronize with the majority of the gadgets which are connected through intranet. It additionally provides hunt bar to locate the particular records when a lot of information is transferred to the cloud. It has an ability to store 60GB to 1TB (terra byte).

Amazon Cloud Drive: Amazon, the name itself says that it is a web storage application from the Amazon. The data stored in this cloud can be accessible from eight specific devices [90-95]. The devices can be mobiles, different computers and different browsers on the same computer. It can store up to 5GB.

Windows Live Mesh: Microsoft discontinued Windows Live Mesh on Feb 12, 2013. Founded in March 2005, It was the first online file system. Providing a 50GB space for the data in cloud but for each file it takes 1GB for uploading process. For bulk upload it has a 5GB per upload session limit.

Microsoft OneDrive: Onedrive comes with 7GB of free storage. Onedrive apps are available for Windows, Mac, iOS, Android. Users can add 50GB for $25 100GB for $50. For business purpose users can get up to 25GB.

Secure tips for data safe in Cloud

In 2011, hacking get-togethers like Lulzsec and Anonymous hacked an Internet firestorm by hacking genuine Web destinations like A large number of customer records were deleted containing usernames, passwords, individual homes and charge card information. Passwords are planned to keep information safe from prying eyes. They were like jolts [96-98]. A software engineer may drive the gateway and break the lock, yet as a general rule a number lock keeps people out. In any case, we should be sensible: passwords are aggravating. Reviewing them is a misery, so we every now and again take the easy way out and use clear passwords that we won't ignore. In the meantime, in the occasion that they are definitely not hard to review, they are moreover easy to figure out. The best passwords solidify letters, numbers and pictures into an unusual outline [99].

The impediment of recalling passwords strikes again. It is adequately horrendous that we tend to use essential and easy to-review passwords for our site log-ins where we pick the same affirmations and use them again and again for our email, keeping cash, and long range interpersonal correspondence destinations like [100-105], Facebook and Twitter etc., and everything else. In case the watchword is exchanged off, someone could without quite a bit of a stretch acquire access to your email account. Besides, change that mystery key. What's more, subsequently go to every site you're enrolled on and change those passwords [106]. The substitution passwords are always sent to your email address. Use assorted passwords for particular destinations. Checks that don’t reiterate a mystery key across over regions that have your Visa information or government oversaw funds number. Email mystery word is the most vital. All these watchword fundamentals make our online lives more secure, be that as it may they don't make them less requesting.

Using Virtualization with Cloud Computing

Virtualization is fundamental to dispersed processing and it unravels the transport of organizations by giving a stage to redesigning complex IT resources in a versatile way. Virtualization can be connected exhaustively to practically all that we can imagine including memory, frameworks, stockpiling, gear, working systems, and applications [107-110]. Virtualization has three qualities that make it ideal for dispersed processing, they are:

Apportioning: In virtualization, we can utilize dividing to backing numerous applications and working frameworks in a single physical framework.

Separation: Due to maintenance of seclusion for each virtual machine, every machine is shielded from accidents and infections from the other machines.

Epitome: Encapsulation can secure every application so it does not meddle with different applications. Utilizing epitome, a virtual machine can act as a solitary document, making it simple to recognize and present to different applications [111].


The characteristics of Cloud computing has categorized into five types:

On-demand: Users are able to utilize the Cloud computing resources without requiring the human interaction, most probably it is done through a web based self-service portal [112-114].

Broad access of network: The resources of Cloud can be accessible from the network, which supports client platforms such as mobile devices and workstations.

Combined resources: Services multiple customers by using the same physical resources, which are separated on the logical level [115].

Measured service: In short we can say pay per use. The more we utilize the higher the bill. IT services such as network security management, data center hosting billing can be now easily delivered as a contractual service.

Rapid elasticity: Services of Cloud can be rapidly elastically indulged and released automated based on parameters.

Cloud computing renders multiple benefit which are discussed as follows:

• Security: As private clouds are devoted to a solitary association, the equipment, information stockpiling and system can be intended to guarantee higher amounts of security that cannot be obtained by different customers in the same server farm.

• Compliance: Sarbanes Oxley, PCI and HIPAA agreeability cannot be conveyed through an open cloud organization. Since the equipment, stockpiling and system setup is devoted to a solitary customer, consistence is much simpler to accomplish.

• Customizable: Hardware execution, system execution and capacity execution can be determined and redid in the private cloud.

• Hybrid Deployments: If a devoted server is obliged to run a high velocity database application, that equipment can be coordinated into a private cloud, basically, hybridizing the arrangement between virtual servers and committed servers.


Distributed computing is still and developing standard where processing is viewed as on interest administration. Once the association takes the choice to move to the cloud, it loses control over the information. Consequently, the measure of insurance expected to secure information is straightforwardly relative to the estimation of the information. Security of the Cloud depends on trusted processing and cryptography. The array of data deposition, storage and analysis is receiving tremendous boost up due to the implementation of the cloud computing and in this era those memory and time consuming applications are feasible for this enormous resource sharing technology.