Oral Cancer Early Detection and Stages Using Various Methods
Cancer is a term used for diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and are able to invade other tissues. Cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body through the blood and lymph systems. Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer. cancer that begins in melanocytes of the skin is called melanoma. Oral cancer is a significant health problem throughout the world. Most oral cancers are identified at a later stage where, treatment becomes less successful. It is very important to detect such types of cancer at an earlier stage. Early detection helps surgeons to provide necessary therapeutic measures which also benefit the patients. Most oral cancer cases occur when the patient is at least 40 years old. It affects more men than women. Mouth cancer has the same meaning as oral cancer - it is cancer that occurs in any part of the mouth,on the tongue's surface, in the lips, inside the cheek, in the gums, in the roof and floor of the mouth, in the tonsils, and also the salivary glands. This paper emphasizes on various aids in diagnosing potentially malignant lesions or early oral cancer along with their critical evaluation.