SYNTHESIS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF NiZnFe2O4 FERRITES TO DESIGN EMBEDDED SYSTEM FOR HUMIDITY MEASUREMENT
Along with magnetic properties, the spinel ferrites exhibit promising electrical properties, deployment of which results into evolution of new area of applications as the electronic sensor materials. The electrical properties significantly depend upon the environmental compositions, for which it has been exposed. The electrical resistance of these sensor materials varies not only with gas concentration but also with change in water vapour concentration. With the view to develop an embedded technology based smart sensor module for humidity measurement a sensor material NixZn1-xFe2O4 are synthesized by chemical method and characterized by XRD and IR tools. The x-ray powder diffraction reveals the formation of single phase spinel ferrite, which is also supported by the IR absorption bands attributed to tetrahedral (A) site and octahedral (B) sites. Employing embedded philosophy, the sensor module is designed about AVR ATmega8L microcontroller for humidity measurement. The thick film of materials under investigation, prepared by screen painting technique, is used to sense the concentration of water molecules. Analog part of the system is wired about highly precise instrumentation amplifier AD620. Deployment of on-chip ADC of 10-bit resolution causes to increase in the preciseness of the results. The system is calibrated to the humidity in RH%. The data shown by the system under investigation reveals close match with the standard data.
S. N. Patil, B. P. Ladgaonkar