Weldability of Ni-Based Superalloys Waspaloy®: and Haynes®: 282®: - A Study Performed with Varestraint Testing
There is a need for materials with high strength, oxidation resistance, thermal stability and adequate weldability in order to facilitate the production of large structural jet engine components. Therefore, the weldability of Waspaloy® and Haynes® 282® have been evaluated using the Varestraint weldability test. The experiments reveal that Waspaloy® has a higher susceptibility to hot cracking compared to Haynes® 282®. This conclusion is supported by increased total crack length (10 mm or more) and larger brittle temperature range (approx. 65°C) for Waspaloy® when compared to Haynes® 282® in Varestraint and Gleeble hot ductility tests, respectively. The cracking in Haynes® 282® seems to be connected with a secondary phase which presumably can be associated with Ti-Mo based MC-type carbide observed in the fusion zone. Also, a surrounding segregated area is present near this secondary phase as well as along the grain boundaries. Furthermore, micro-Vickers hardness results revealed more or less the same weld metal hardness (260- 280 HV) but a difference in the base metal hardness. The weld metal hardness of Waspaloy® was lower than that of the base metal hardness, while Haynes® 282® had a higher hardness in comparison.
Jacobsson J, Andersson J, Brederholm A and Hänninen H