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A Brief Note on Biomedical Engineering

Sunil Sharma*

Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Rajasthan Technical University, Rajasthan, India

*Corresponding Author:
Sunil Sharma
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering,
Rajasthan Technical University,
Rajasthan,
India
E-mail:
[email protected]

Received: 18-Jan-2022, Manuscript No. JET-22-51805; Editor assigned: 20- Jan-2022, Pre QC No. JET-22-51805 (PQ); Reviewed: 03- Feb-2022, QC No. JET-22-51805; Accepted: 07- Feb -2022, Manuscript No. JET-22-51805 (A); Published: 14-Feb-2022, DOI: 10.4172/2319-9873.11.1.003.

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Description

The application of engineering ideas and design concepts to medicine and biology for the goal of healthcare is known as Biomedical Engineering (BME) or medical engineering. The term "bioengineering" has come to refer to both BME and biological engineering. This discipline aims to bridge the gap between engineering and medicine by combining engineering design and problem-solving skills with medical biological sciences in order to advance healthcare treatment, such as diagnosis, monitoring, and therapy. The administration of contemporary medical equipment in hospitals, while following appropriate industry standards, is also part of the biomedical engineer's job description. This role, also known as a Biomedical Equipment Technician (BMET) or clinical engineering, entails making equipment recommendations, procurement, routine testing, and preventative maintenance.

Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary science that focuses on developing methods and software tools for analyzing biological data. Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field of science that analyses and interprets biological data by combining computer science, statistics, mathematics, and engineering.

Bioinformatics is a phrase that refers to both a broad category of biological investigations that involve computer programming as part of their technique and to specialized analysis "pipelines" that are frequently used, especially in the field of genomics. Bioinformatics is frequently used to identify candidate genes and nucleotides. Such identification is frequently done in order to better understand the genetic basis of disease, unique adaptations, desirable properties, or population differences.

Any substance, surface, or construct that interacts with living organisms is referred to as a biomaterial. Biomaterials science and engineering are two terms for the study of biomaterials. Throughout its history, it has seen consistent and substantial growth, with numerous corporations investing significant sums of money in the creation of new goods. Medicine, biology, chemistry, tissue engineering, and materials science are all incorporated into biomaterials research.

Tissue engineering, like genetic engineering, is a big part of biotechnology, and it has a lot of overlap with BME. Tissue engineering has as one of its goals the creation of artificial organs for patients who require organ transplants. Biomedical engineers are working on ways to create such organs right now. To this purpose, researchers have created substantial jawbones and tracheas from human stem cells. Several artificial urine bladders have been successfully implanted into human patients after being created in laboratories. Hepatic assist devices, which utilize liver cells within artificial bioreactor architecture, are one example of bio artificial organs that use both synthetic and biological components.

Biomechanics is the application of mechanical methods to the study of the structure and function of mechanical aspects of biological systems at any level, from whole organisms to organs, cells, and cell organelles.

Any substance, surface, or construct that interacts with living organisms is referred to as a biomaterial. Biomaterials science and engineering are two terms for the study of biomaterials. Throughout its history, it has seen consistent and substantial growth, with numerous corporations investing significant sums of money in the creation of new goods. Medicine, biology, chemistry, tissue engineering, and materials science are all incorporated into biomaterials research.

Genetic engineering, in contrast to conventional breeding, which is an indirect approach of genetic manipulation, uses modern methods like molecular cloning and transformation to directly alter the structure and features of target genes. In a variety of applications, genetic engineering techniques have proven to be successful. Crop technology advancements, the production of synthetic human insulin using modified bacteria, the production of erythropoietin in hamster ovary cells, and the development of new experimental mice such as the oncomouse for research are just a few examples.

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