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A Subfields of Electrical Engineering

Steven Si*

Department of Management and International Business, Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Steven Si
Department of Management and International Business,
Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania,

Received: 18-Jan-2022, Manuscript No. JET-22-51806; Editor assigned: 20- Jan-2022, Pre QC No. JET-22-51806 (PQ); Reviewed: 03- Feb-2022, QC No. JET-22-51806; Accepted: 07- Feb -2022, Manuscript No. JET-22-51806 (A); Published: 14-Feb-2022, DOI: 10.4172/2319-9873.11.1.002.

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Electrical engineering is an engineering field concerned with the study, design, and awareness of equipment, devices, and systems which use strength, electronics, and electromagnetism. It arose as an identifiable occupation in the second part of the nineteenth century after commercialization of the electric telegraph, the smartphone, and electrical energy era, distribution, and usage.


Electrical engineering; Telecommunications; Perspectives; Control engineering


One of the characteristics of electricity is that it may be used for both energy and information transmission. These were also the first fields to create electrical engineering. Today, electrical engineering is divided into several subfields, the most common of which are given below. Although some electrical engineers specialise in only one of these sub disciplines, the majority work in a combination of them. Electronic engineering and computer engineering, for example, are sometimes considered disciplines in their own right.

Power and energy

Energy and strength engineering deals with the transmission, and distribution of strength in addition to the layout of a number of associated gadgets [1]. Those include transformers, electric mills, electric motors, excessive voltage engineering, and electricity electronics. In lots of regions of the sector, government keep an electrical community known as an energy grid that connects a diffusion of turbines together with customers of their energy. Users buy electrical power from the grid, heading off the highly-priced exercising of having to generate their own. Electricity engineers may go at the design and upkeep of the power grid in addition to the electricity structures that hook up with it. Such structures are referred to as on-grid power systems and may deliver the grid with extra energy, draw power from the grid, or do each.


Telecommunications engineering specializes in the transmission of data throughout a verbal exchange channel inclusive of a coax cable, optical fibre or free area. Transmissions throughout unfastened area require facts to be encoded in a carrier signal to shift the records to a provider frequency appropriate for transmission; this is referred to as modulation. Famous analogy modulation techniques include amplitude modulation and frequency modulation.

Once the transmission traits of a device are determined, telecommunication engineers design the transmitters and receivers wanted for such systems. Those are occasionally combined to form a two-manner verbal exchange device is known as a transceiver. A key attention within the design of transmitters is their electricity consumption as this is closely associated with their sign strength [2,3]. Typically, if the power of the transmitted signal is inadequate once the sign arrives at the receiver's antenna(s), the data contained inside the sign could be corrupted via noise, especially static.

Control engineering

Control engineering is concerned with the modelling of a wide range of dynamic systems as well as the creation of controllers that will cause these systems to behave as desired. Electronic circuits, digital signal processors, microcontrollers, and programmable logic controllers may be used to implement such controllers by electronics control engineers. Control engineering has a wide range of applications, from commercial aeroplane flight and propulsion systems to cruise control in many modern autos. It also has a significant impact on industrial automation.

When designing control systems, control engineers frequently employ feedback. In a car with cruise control, for example, the vehicle's speed is constantly monitored and sent back to the system, which changes the motor's power output accordingly.


Digital engineering involves the layout and checking out of electronic circuits that use the houses of components which includes resistors, capacitors, inductors, diodes, and transistors to acquire a particular capability. The tuned circuit, which allows the person of a radio to clear out all but a single station, is simply one example of one of this circuit. Any other instance to research is a pneumatic sign conditioner [4].


Electric engineering is now divided into a huge variety of various fields, such as computer engineering, systems engineering, electricity engineering, telecommunications, radio-frequency engineering, signal processing, instrumentation, photovoltaic cells, electronics, and optics and photonics. A lot of those disciplines overlap with other engineering branches, spanning a huge number of specializations which includes hardware engineering, electricity electronics, electromagnetics and waves, microwave engineering, nanotechnology, electrochemistry, renewable energies, mechatronics/control, and electrical materials technological know-how.

Electric engineers work in a completely extensive variety of industries and the capabilities required are likewise variable. These range from circuit concept to the control talents of a venture supervisor. The gear and gadget that a character engineer may want are similarly variable, ranging from a simple voltmeter to sophisticated layout and production software.