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**Nisha Shetty ^{*}**

Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

- *Corresponding Author:
- Nisha Shetty

Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

**E-mail:**nishashetty@rediffmail.com

**Received: **01-Mar-2023, Manuscript No. JSMS-23-93939; **Editor assigned:** 03-Mar-2023, Pre QC No. JSMS-23-93939 (PQ); **Reviewed:** 17-Mar-2023, QC No. JSMS-23-93939; Revised: 24-Mar-2023, Manuscript No. JSMS-23-93939(A); **Published:**31-Mar-2023,
DOI:
10.4172/J Stats Math Sci.9.1.007

**Citation: **Shetty N. Calculus: Limits, Derivatives and Integrals Applications in Science and Engineering. J Stats Math Sci. 2023;9:007.

**Copyright:** © 2023 Shetty N. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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Calculus is a branch of mathematics that deals with the study of rates of change and how things change over time. It is a vital tool in many fields, including science, engineering, economics, and medicine. Calculus is the study of two main operations, differentiation and integration. Differentiation deals with finding the rate at which a quantity changes, while integration deals with finding the accumulation of a quantity over time. Calculus has many applications in various fields. In physics, calculus is used to analyse motion and to study the behaviour of particles in motion. In biology, calculus is used to model the growth of populations and the spread of diseases. In economics, calculus is used to optimize production processes and to study the behaviour of markets. In engineering, calculus is used to design and optimize structures and systems. Calculus is a complex subject that involves many different concepts. Some of the main concepts include limits, derivatives, integrals, and differential equations. A limit is the value that a function approaches as the input approaches a certain value. The definition, attributes, and uses of a function's derivative are studied in differential calculus. Differentiation is the method used to find the derivative. The derivative at a point can be used to encode the small-scale behaviour of a function close to that point given a function and a point in the domain. It is possible to create a new function known as the derivative function or simply the derivative of the original function by finding the derivative of a function at each point in its domain.

Limits are used to define derivatives and integrals. Derivatives are the rate at which a function changes. For example, the derivative of a function that describes the position of a moving object describes its velocity. Derivatives are used to find the maximum and minimum values of a function, to optimize functions, and to study the behavior of functions. Integrals are the accumulation of a quantity over time. For example, the integral of a function that describes the velocity of a moving object is the distance traveled over time. Integrals are used to find the area under a curve, to calculate volumes, and to study the behavior of functions. Differential equations are equations that describe how a quantity changes over time. They are used to model a wide range of phenomena, including population growth, chemical reactions, and the spread of diseases. Differentiation and integration are considered to be inverse operations, according to the calculus fundamental theorem. It more specifically links definite integrals to the values of antiderivatives. The calculus fundamental theorem offers a useful method for computing definite integrals since it is typically simpler to compute an antiderivative than to utilize the concept of a definite integral. It can also be seen as a clear declaration that integration is the opposite of difference.

Calculus is a vital tool in many fields, and its applications are far-reaching. It is a complex subject that involves many different concepts, including limits, derivatives, integrals, and differential equations. Calculus allows us to study how things change over time and to optimize processes and systems for maximum efficiency. As we continue to develop new technologies and techniques, calculus will undoubtedly play an even greater role in shaping the future of science and engineering.