Received: 05-May-2023, Manuscript No. JET-23-98932; Editor assigned: 09-May-2023, Pre QC No. JET-23-98932 (PQ); Reviewed: 23-May-2023, QC No. JET-23-98932; Revised: 30-May- 2023, Manuscript No. JET-23- 98932 (R); Published: 06-Jun- 2023, DOI: 10.4172/2319- 9873.12.2.008.
Citation: Rota L, Feasibility Study on the Mining Engineering: Its Discovery and Determination. RRJ Eng Technol. 2023;12:008.
Copyright: © 2023 Rota L. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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The engineering field of mining is the process of extracting minerals from underground, open pit, above, or on the ground. Mineral processing, exploration, excavation, geology, metallurgy, geotechnical engineering, and surveying are just a few of the many related fields in mining engineering. A mining specialist might deal with any period of mining tasks, from investigation and disclosure of the mineral assets, through possibility study, mine plan, improvement of plans, creation and activities to mine conclusion. The primary cause of pollution in the vicinity of mines is the production of waste and unprofitable materials as a result of mineral extraction. By their very nature, mining disturbs the natural environment in and around which minerals are found. Therefore, mining engineers must be concerned not only with the production and processing of mineral products but also with the mitigation of environmental harm caused by the shift in the mining area both during and after the process. Such enterprises go through rigid regulations to control the contamination and harm caused to the climate and is intermittently administered by the concerned divisions.
Mineral exploration is the process of finding ores concentrations of minerals that are economically viable to mine. Even though it frequently employs prospecting services, mineral exploration is a much more thorough, organized, involved, and professional process than mineral prospecting.
Finding and exploring a mineral deposit are the first steps in the mining process. Geologists and surveyors play a significant role in the necessary pre-feasibility study of the potential mining operation in the subsequent first stage of mineral exploration. Through a variety of prospecting techniques, mineral exploration and estimation of the reserve are carried out to ascertain the conditions for profitability in addition to the required method and type of mining.
Mining engineers will work on developing a strategy to efficiently and effectively mine a mineral once it has been discovered and determined to be of sufficient economic quality.
Mineral maps, academic geological reports, and regional, state, and national geological reports can all be used to make the discovery. Essays on property and local recommendations are two additional sources of information. Typically, mineral research involves sampling and analyzing drill core, soil, and sediments. One of the most widely used instruments for exploring minerals is soil sampling and analysis. Satellite and airborne photographs, as well as airborne geophysics, such as magnetometric and gamma-spectrometric maps, are typical tools. If mineral exploration is conducted on public property, the property owners may be the original discoverers of the mineral deposit and play a significant role in the process.
The mining geologist and/or mining engineer then determine the ore properties after locating a prospective mineral. A chemical analysis of the ore may be required to ascertain the sample's composition. When the mineral properties are recognized, the following stage is deciding the amount of the metal. This includes deciding the degree of the store along with the immaculateness of the metal. The geologist penetrates extra center examples to track down the restrictions of the store or crease and ascertains the amount of important material present in the store.
The feasibility of recovering the mineral deposit is the next step after the mineral identification and reserve amount have been reasonably determined. Soon after the deposit is discovered, a preliminary investigation looks at the market conditions, such as the supply and demand for the mineral, the amount of ore that must be moved to recover a certain amount of that mineral, and the cost of the operation. The mining project's likelihood of profitability is determined by this pre-feasibility study; if so, further investigation of the deposit is carried out. The feasibility study examines the cost of the initial capital investment, methods of extraction, the cost of operation, an estimated length of time to payback, the gross revenue and net profit margin, any possible resale price of the land, the total life of the reserve, the total value of the reserve, investment in future projects, and the property owner or owners' contract after the full extent of the ore body has been determined and engineers have examined it. Reclamation, potential legal ramifications, and all government permits are also taken into account. The mining company's decision to proceed with the mineral extraction or to abandon the project is determined by these analysis steps. The mining company may decide to sell the rights to the reserve to a third party rather than develop it, or it may decide not to extract at all until market conditions improve.