Insecticides-Effects on Crop
Deepika HC1*, Anusha S2, Chandra sekhar3
1Department of pharmaceutics, Malla Reddy institute of Pharmaceutical sciences, Secunderabad, India
2Department of pharmaceutics, Vishnu Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research, Narsapur, Medak, India
3CMR College of pharmacy, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
- *Corresponding Author:
- Deepika HC
M. Pharmacy, Department of pharmaceutics
Malla Reddy Institute of pharmaceutical sciences
Tel: 040 6463 4235
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: April 28, 2015; Accepted date: April 30, 2015; Published date: May 02, 2015
Visit for more related articles at Research & Reviews: Journal of Zoological Sciences
The worldwide utilization of pesticides in agriculture brings about deposits of insecticides being generally found in numerous situations, from the editing fields and plantations to waterways, estuaries and seas, and even urban situations. Synthetic insecticides (SI) are broadly utilized for the control of M. domestica. Drawn out and persistent utilization of SI reasons word related danger, harm to environment and advancement of resistance in insects.
Pesticides, Insecticides, Plant Growth regulators
The perpetually expanding human populace and resulting overall interest for food has asked for a superior assurance of agricultural crops from the infestation by distinctive gatherings of bugs. This launched the intercession of advanced methods for the improvement of novel techniques of yield assurance .
With a specific end goal to ensure the sustenance supply and battle against insects resistance, the disclosure of eco-friendly and powerful insecticides with new method of activity is exceptionally basic in agrochemical exploration [2-5]. Misfortunes because of insect infestation are the most genuine risk in crop storage, especially in developing countries, where poor sanitation and improper storage energize insect assault. It was assessed that more than 20,000 types of field and storage vermin wreck roughly 1/3rd of the world's nourishment generation, esteemed more than US$ 100 billion every year, among which the most astounding misfortunes (43% of potential creation) happen in creating Asian and African nations. In Pakistan it has been evaluated that 5 to 7% loss of crop happens because of poor storage conditions [6-10].
The worldwide utilization of pesticides in agriculture brings about deposits of insecticides being generally found in numerous situations, from the editing fields and plantations to waterways, estuaries and seas, and even urban situations [11-13]. Synthetic insecticides (SI) are broadly utilized for the control of M. domestica. Drawn out and persistent utilization of SI reasons word related danger, harm to environment and advancement of resistance in insects .
Effects on various crops:
Agaricus bisporus are most business delivering mushroom which is utilized as exceedingly nutritional food. Numerous sort of nuisance can harm mushroom which can influence the nutritional estimation of the mushroom. Acephate and Cartap hydrochloride utilized as business insect spray on consumable mushroom [15-18].
Cotton plant is treated with insecticides particularly with pyrethroids, aphids and mites. The splash can be evaluated as positive results that the use of utilized insecticides expanded the amount of mixes having antifeedant property. Not expanded levels of diminishing sugars in treated specimens might likewise keep the episodes of aphids in fields treated with these composite mixtures [19-24].
Bioinsecticides (Dipel DF, Protecto and Bioranza) and insect (IGRs) (chlorfluazuron and pyriproxyfen) show good effect in cotton field .
The insecticidal activity of natural concentrates from root supply of Alocasia indica (Linn.) against rice, Sitophilus oryzae .
Plant materials have been utilized for pest control for a considerable length of time yet as of late, conservation of grains items away has depended upon synthetic insecticides to control put away grain .
Proper management of these pests serves to avoid crop losses and provide more economic back up for the farmers. India has vast pesticide market and about 3% of the total pesticides used in the world are utilized in India. Realizing the adverse effect of synthetic pesticides, there is a global awareness to employ alternate strategies, particularly with bio pesticides for the management of pest complexes in agro ecosystem [29-30].
This content of the article is scrutinized and approved by M. Murali and written by Deepika HC.
- Das RK et al. Nanoformulation of Insecticides - Novel Products. J Biofertil Biopestici.2014;5:e120.
- Sha Zhou and Zhengming Li. The Study of Novel Sulfilimines as Potential Insects Modulators. J Phys Chem Biophys.2015;5:174.
- Priya GL et al.Identification of Volatile and Protein Profiles in the Sting and Mandibular Glands of the Worker Honey Bee (Apis cerana indica). Biochem Physiol. 2013;2:108.
- Gupta AK et al.Molecular Cloning of MAP Kinase Genes and In silico Identification of their Downstream Transcription Factors Involved in Pathogenesis of Karnal bunt (Tilletia indica) of Wheat. J Proteomics Bioinform.2011;4:160-169.
- Khan AA et al. Assessment of Calotropis Procera Aiton and Datura alba Nees Leaves Extracts as Bio-Insecticides Against Tribolium castaneum Herbst in Stored Wheat Triticum Aestivum L. J Biofertil Biopestici . 2012;3:126.
- Rajashekar Y and Tonsing N. The Herbal Insecticides from Root Stock of Alocasia indica as Potential Sources for Control of Stored- Product Insect Pests. Entomol Ornithol Herpetol.2014;3:128.
- Nagrare VS et al. Relative Performance of Bt-Cotton Hybrids against Sucking Pests and Leaf Reddening under Rainfed Farming. Entomol Ornithol Herpetol.2014;3:134.
- JemÃÂ¢a JMB. Essential Oil as a Source of Bioactive Constituents for the Control of Insect Pests of Economic Importance in Tunisia. Med Aromat Plants.2014;3:158.
- Aderolu IA et al. FAOccurrence, Abundance and Control of the Major Insect Pests Associated with Amaranths in Ibadan, Nigeria. Entomol Ornithol Herpetol.2013;2:112.
- Al-shannaf HM et al. Toxic and Biochemical Effects of Some Bioinsecticides and Igrs on American Bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (hÃ¼b.) (noctuidae: lepidoptera) in Cotton Fields. J Biofertil Biopestici. 2012;3:118.
- McLeod P and Rashid T Laboratory Toxicity Profile of an Organic Formulation of Spinosad against the Eggplant Flea Beetle, Epitrix Fuscula Crotch. J Biofertil Biopestici.2011;2:103.
- GuimarÃ£es de Menezes CW et al. First Record of Poekilloptera Phalaenoides (Hemiptera: Flatidae) Hosting Mimosa Caesalpiniaefolia (Mimosaceae) in Diamantina, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. J Forest Res Open Access.2012;1:102.
- Akpan SS. Removal of Attachment Sites Can Reduce the Population of Black Flies in Endemic Communities - An Editorial Review. Entomol Ornithol Herpetol.2013;2:e104.
- Kempraj V and Bhat SK. Acetone Fraction of Annona squamosa Seed Extract Inhibits Mitochondrial Complex II of Musca domestica. Nat Prod Chem Res.2014;2:155
- Gautam SG et al.Effects of Constant Temperatures on Reproductive Parameters of the Psocid Liposcelis rufa (Psocoptera: Liposcelididae). Entomol Ornithol Herpetol.2012;S1:002.
- Zhou S and Li Z.The Study of Novel Sulfilimines as Potential Insects Modulators. J Phys Chem Biophys. 2015;5:174.
- Chakravorty J.Diversity of Edible Insects and Practices of Entomophagy in India:An Overview. J Biodivers Biopros Dev.2014;1:124.
- Ponomarenko MG.Global Biodiversity of Insects: Main Trends of Study, to the Question of Method and Importance of Research. J Biodivers Biopros Dev.2014;1:108.
- Alevi KCC et al. Mini Review: Presence of Cytoplasmic Organelle Chromatoid Body in Class Insecta. Entomol Ornithol Herpetol.2013;2:109.
- RehmatT et al.Aphelinid parasitoids (Hymenoptera:Chalcidoidea) of armoured scale insects (Homoptera: Diaspididae) from India.Biology and medicine.2011; 3:270 -281.
- Charles S et al.Detoxification Related Genes in Gut of Coptotermes curvignathus. Entomol Ornithol Herpetol.2014;3:117.
- Calatayud PA .The Contribution of Electrophysiology to Entomology. Entomol Ornithol Herpetol.2014; 3:e108.
- Cohen E. Roles of Aquaporins in Osmoregulation, Desiccation and Cold Hardiness in Insects. Entomol Ornithol Herpetol.2012;S1:001.
- Al-Eryan MAS et al. Management Protocol Depending on Both Pheromones and Burning Palms for the Red Palm Weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Oliv. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Recently Recorded in Libya. Entomol Ornithol Herpetol.2014; 3:119.
- Shivani Sharma and Naresh Kumar Dewangan. In Vitro Effect of Insecticide on Edible Mushroom Agaricus Bisporus. Jr of Industrial Pollution Control.2014;30:2
- Asrorov AM et al. Composite Insecticides Effects on Defensive and Nutritious Compounds in Cotton Leaves. J Plant Biochem Physiol.2014;2:122
- Al-shannaf HM et al. Toxic and Biochemical Effects of Some Bioinsecticides and Igrs on American Bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (hÃ¼b.) (noctuidae: lepidoptera) in Cotton Fields. J Biofertil Biopestici. 2012;3:118
- Rajashekar Y and Tonsing N. The Herbal Insecticides from Root Stock of Alocasia indica as Potential Sources for Control of Stored- Product Insect Pests. Entomol Ornithol Herpetol.2014;3:128
- Khan AA et al.Assessment of Calotropis Procera Aiton and Datura alba Nees Leaves Extracts as Bio-Insecticides Against Tribolium castaneum Herbst in Stored Wheat Triticum Aestivum L. J Biofertil Biopestici. 2012;3:126
- Sreerag, Jayaprakas. Management of Two Major Sucking Pests Using Neem Oil Formulation. J Biofertil Biopestici.2015;6:147.