Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
Received: 03-Mar-2023, Manuscript No. JET-23- 92810; Editor assigned: 07-Mar-2023, Pre QC No. JET-23-92810 (PQ); Reviewed: 22-Mar-2023, QC No. JET-23-92810; Revised: 29-Mar- 2023, Manuscript No. JET-23- 92810 (R); Published: 05-Apr- 2023, DOI: 10.4172/2319- 9857.12.1.005.
Citation: Sudhi E, Motor Drive: Reasons and Saving Energy by using Adjustable Speed Drives. 2023;12:005.
Copyright: © 2023 Sudhi E. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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A motor-powered system is referred to as a motor drive. A system with a motor that operates at multiple speeds is known as an adjustable speed motor drive. A system with a motor and continuously variable speed is called a variable speed motor drive. In the event that the engine is creating electrical energy as opposed to utilizing it. This could be known as a generator drive yet is in many cases actually alluded to as an engine drive.
The electronic component of the system that regulates the motor's speed is referred to as a Variable Frequency Drive (VFD) or Variable Speed Drive (VSD). In a broader sense, machinery speed control equipment is referred to as drive. For various products, numerous industrial processes, like assembly lines, must operate at various speeds. When process conditions necessitate adjusting the flow from a pump or fan, adjusting the drive speed may save energy in comparison to other flow control methods.
The two primary motivations for employing adjustable speed drives are process control and energy conservation. Adjustable speed drives have historically been created for process control, but energy conservation has emerged as an equally significant goal.
Control of acceleration
A drive with an adjustable speed can frequently operate more smoothly than a drive with a fixed speed. For instance, in a sewage lift station, sewage typically flows to a wet well location by passing through sewer pipes under the influence of gravity. It is then pumped up to a treatment step. When fixed speed pumps are used, they are programmed start when the liquid level well reaches a certain high point and stop when the level drops to a low point.
Cycling is the process of siphons on and off brings about a continuous to the high floods of electric flow to turn over the engines that would be outcomes in electromagnetic and heat anxiety in the engines and power control gear, the siphons and lines are exposed to mechanical and pressure driven burdens, and the sewage treatment process is compelled to oblige floods in the progression of sewage through the cycle. When drives with adjustable speeds are used, the pumps run continuously at a higher speed as the wet well level rises. The process runs much more smoothly as a result of this matching the outflow to the typical inflow.
Using effective adjustable speed drives to save energy
Pumps and fans consume a significant amount of the energy required by industrial electrical motors. A damper or valve in the outlet of the fan or pump is a simple way to vary the quantity of fluid delivered when fans and pumps serve a varying process load. This damper or valve reduces the flow in the process due to its increased pressure drop. However, this additional drop in pressure is a loss of energy. In some cases, incorporating a device that reclaims this otherwise wasted energy can be economically feasible. With a pump or fan with a variable speed drive, the supply can be adjusted to meet demand without adding any additional loss.
For instance, when a fan is directly driven by a fixed-speed motor, the airflow is typically higher than necessary because it is intended to meet the system's maximum demand. A damper can be used to control airflow, but directly controlling the speed of the fan motor is more effective. According to the affinity laws, the variable-speed motor uses approximately 20% of the input power for 50% of the airflow (Amps). The fixed-speed engine actually consumes around 85% of the info power at a portion of the stream.