# What is The Value of Sqrt (-1)?

**Paul TE Cusack**^{*}
Eng, Dule 1641 Sandy Point Rd, Saint John Nb, Canada

- *Corresponding Author:
- Paul TE Cusack

Eng, Dule 1641 Sandy Point Rd, Saint John Nb, Canada

E-mail: [email protected]

**Received date: **10/05/2016 **Accepted date:** 24/05/2016
**Published date:** 28/05/2016

**Visit for more related articles at** Research & Reviews: Journal of Statistics and Mathematical Sciences

## Abstract

The Complex number, which relies on the Imaginary Number (sqrt-1), can be determined by the use of the Golden Mean Equation. Using simple algebraic manipulation, we can show that the sqrt (-1) has a real value and it the “Conjugate of the Golden Mean”, or 0.618. This paper shows how.

#### Keywords

Imaginary number, Complex number, Golden mean.

#### Introduction

Since we know that, on the real number line, the point where the fraction meets the multiple occurs at the real value of 1. We
reason that, since there are fractions and multiples on the Complex Plane, and then the Golden Mean equation must work there
too. In fact, it does. Below, I show, in simplicity, how this works out. This fact that the sqrt (-1) opens up a new vista in Complex
numbers [1,2].

#### Discussion

The Golden Mean is where the Multiple equals the Fraction, given by the famous equation:

x=1/[x-1]

Or Letting n=multiple and n=fraction denominator, we have,

Multiple = Fraction

n[1- sqrt (-1)]=[1+ sqrt (-1)]/ n

Now,

Let n=sqrt (-1)

n+n [sqrt (-1)]=[1/ sqrt (-1)] +1

Now,

Let n=1

1+ sqrt (-1)=[1/ sqrt (-1)] + 1

(sqrt(-1)=1/ sqrt(-1)

Cross Multiplying,

Cancelling the 1’s on both sides, and simplifying,

[sqrt (-1)][sqrt (-1)]=1

-1=1

Taking the square root of both sides, (top determine the value of the sqrt (-1), (as yet undetermined) :

Sqrt (-1) = sqrt(- 1)

Or, sqrt 1=1=sqrt (-1)

1 is where the fraction meets the multiple. So, the Golden Mean applies,

Using sqrt (-1)=1, then,

x=1/ (x-1)

x=1/ [x-sqrt(-1)]

1.6128=1/[1.618-1)

1.618=1/0.618

1=1 (True)

Therefore, the fraction equals the multiple in the Complex Plane as well as the Real Plane. Thus, we can use the Golden
Mean Equation there too.

Now,

Let x=1+i

1+i=1/[1+i-1}

1+i=1/i

i=1/[1+i]

i=0.618

Check:

0.618=1/1.618 (True)

So i=sqrt (-1)=0.618

#### Conclusion

The Imaginary number =sqrt (-1) has a real value and it is the Conjugate of the Golden Mean, i.e., 0.618.

#### References

- Bohm D. Quantum Theory.Dover Publications. 1989;1-30.
- Paul Cusack TE. Astro-theology: Cusack’s model of the Universe. Lulu Publications. 2015;1-629.