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Withania Somnifera [Aswagandha]: Enhancing The Functions of Brain and Nervous System.

Sumanth Kumar*

Department of Botany, Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Corresponding Author:

                                                Sumanth Kumar
                                                Department of Botany
                                                Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Received date: 05/04/2021; Accepted date: 19/04/2021; Published date: 26/04/2021

Visit for more related articles at Research & Reviews: Journal of Botanical Sciences

Withania somnifera, also known as ashwagandha, is a crucial herb in Ayurvedic and native medical systems. The plant is thought as "Medhya Rasayan", or mind rejuvenate, utilized in enhancing memory and overall brain functioning. It is used for varied forms of malady processes and specially as a nervine tonic. Considering these facts several scientific studies were applied and its adaptogenic and anti-stress activities were studied well. It has a cognition. Promoting impact and was helpful in youngsters with memory deficit and in maturity folk’s loss of memory. It is absolutely conjointly found helpful in neurodegenerative diseases like shaking palsy, Huntington's and Alzeimer's diseases, it's amino alkanoic acid mimetic impact and was shown to push formation of dendrites. [1] It's anxiolytic impact and improves energy levels and mitochondrial health. It's associate degree medication and anti-arthritic agent and was found helpful in clinical cases of creaky and degenerative joint disease.

Ashwagandha could be accepted Ayurvedic Rasayana, and belongs to a sub-group of Rasayanas called Medhyarasayanas Medhya generally refers to the mind and mental/intellectual capability. Thus, Medhya Rasayana like Ashwagandha, is employed to market intellect and memory. The cognition-promoting impact of Medhya Rasayanas is best seen in youngsters with memory deficits, or once memory is compromised following head injury, or a protracted ill health and in recent age. [2]

In patients with Alzheimer's disease, neuritic atrophy and junction loss are thought of the foremost causes of psychological feature impairment, as supported the results of neuropathological post-mortem studies of the brain. within the brains of patients plagued by different neurodegenerative diseases like brain disease, chorea, and Creutzfeldt- Jakob sickness, the atrophy of neurites has conjointly been discovered as a big a part of the etiology. There are dozens of studies that show that Ashwagandha slows, stops, reverses or removes neuritic atrophy and junction loss. thus Ashwagandha will be accustomed treat Alzheimer’s, degenerative disorder, Huntington's and different neurodegenerative sicknesses at any stage of the disease, even before someone has been diagnosed and remains within the state of delicate forgetfulness, etc. [3]

Ashwagandha may be a real potent regenerative tonic because of its multiple pharmacologic actions like anti-stress, neuroprotective, antitumor, anti-arthritic, analgesic and anti-inflammatory etc. it's helpful for various styles of diseases like Parkinson, dementia, state of mind, stress elicited diseases, malignoma. The metabolic constituents of Aswagandha will promote the growth of nerves after taking it for 7 days. Ashwagandha is employed as a unit remedy by Indians, World Health Organization contemplate it because the best tonic for recent folks and youngsters, and as aphrodisiac by youth. it's one among the simplest nervine tonics of written material, the foremost ancient system of Medical Sciences...


  1. Abbas SS and Singh N. Anti-stress Agents (Herbs) of Indian Origin - Herbal Drugs, A twenty first century perspective. Delhi: Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences, Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Govt. of India; 2006; 578–91.
  2. Archana R and Namasivayam A. Antistressor effect of Withania somnifera. J Ethnopharmacol, 1999; 64: 91–93.
  3. Atta R, et al. New withanolides from Withania spp. Journal of Natural Products, 1991; 56: 1000–6.