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Review Article Open Access

Osteoporosis and Periodontal Disease: Association and Mechanisms

Abstract

Systemic bone loss has been proposed as a risk factor for periodontal disease with increasing evidences that osteoporosis and the underlying loss of bone mass characteristic of this disease is associated with periodontal disease and tooth loss. Periodontal disease is a microbial infection, but the exact etiology of the disease may be multi-factorial. Risk factors associated with periodontal disease include accumulation of dental plaque and host-response abnormalities, involving smoking and many systemic diseases like diabetes, respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, adverse pregnancy outcome and osteoporosis.

Dr. Ruparani Bodduru, Dr. Khushbu Deshmukh, Dr. Snehal Chandraprakash Chintawa and Dr. Abhishek Singh Nayyar

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