All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Research Article Open Access

Self-Discipline Practices Inventory in Learning Mathematics: Instrumentation Process


Self-discipline is necessary to keep everything in order and motivated while learning. This paper designs an instrument that measures student’s self-discipline practices in learning mathematics. The researcher used the measure approach introduced by Michael T Kalkbrenner last 2021. Measure is an acronym comprising: a) make the purpose and rationale clear, b) establish empirical framework, c) articulate theoretical blueprint, d) synthesize content and scale development, e) use expert reviewers, f) recruit participants, and g) evaluate validity and reliability. Self-discipline practice inventory, a ten item scale has been developed and validated. The results show that the newly created instrument possesses internal consistency reliability and construct validity.

Self-discipline, Instrument, Instrumentation, Measure approach, Scale

To read the full article Download Full Article | Visit Full Article