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Short Article Open Access
The Value of the Anatomical Variability in Clinical Practice
There are many variations of the structure of the human body that can significantly affect the outcome of medical procedures or they can cause pathological conditions in patients. Corona mortis is perhaps the most famous variation that is taught to medical students in anatomy classes as a result of which the severe complications during surgical procedures may happen.
Anatomical variants often met in anatomy and surgery. Despite the fact that the most of them have already been described in detail in the literature, a significant number of new variants are described for the first time. It is not an exaggeration to say that every structure in our body can variate and differ from its classical location or description in the textbook, while not being pathological.
In the literature, it is quite common to find descriptions of individual variability in the structure, origin, attachment or innervation of muscles [1,2], branching and topography of vessels [3,4] and nerves [5,6], as well as other structures. The most variable in the body are arterial vessels (76%), veins (68%) and internal organs (64%) .