Department of Veterinary Medicine, Lowa State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Ames, IA, China
Received date: 03/12/2021; Accepted date: 17/12/2021; Published date: 24/12/2021
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The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is a domesticated single-legged hoofed mammal. It belongs to the taxonomic family Equidae and is one of two surviving subspecies of Equus ferus. Today there are over 600 horse breeds in the world, some of which are sadly struggling to survive. These rare horse breeds suffered a population loss due to mechanization, war, and declining popularity. The rarest horse breeds in the world are Sorraia, Nokota Horse, Galiceo, Dales Pony, and the Choctaw Indian Pony. There are fewer than 250 of these horse breeds worldwide, making them critically endangered. Conservation efforts are currently underway to save these endangered horse breeds. To help raise awareness of these unique horses, we've compiled a list of the rarest horse breeds below. Find out their history, usage, interesting facts, and estimated population
The Dales pony is one of the UK's native mountain and bog pony breeds. The breed is known for its strength, resilience, endurance, courage, intelligence and good disposition. The history of the modern Dales pony is closely linked to the history of lead mining in the Dales region of England, from the Derbyshire peaks to the Scottish borders. It was originally a working pony that was descended from a number of breeds.
These very robust ponies are ideally 14h. until 14.2.h. The colors are predominantly black, with some brown, brown-gray and rarely reddish. White markings are allowed as stars and / or snippets, and white markings are allowed on the pastern, and ponies showing whiter than this will be demoted to Section B. Dales ponies are known for the quality of their hard, well-shaped feet and legs, which should feature nice, dense, flat bones. Your action is straight, lofty, and true. They are good movers who really use their knees and ankles for powerful propulsion. You have enormous endurance, an iron constitution, high courage and great intelligence, combined with a calm temperament. The head should be clean, not peeled, and wide between the eyes. The muzzle is relatively small, no roughness on the jaw and throat and pony ears curved upwards. A long fore tip, main and caudal fins of straight, silky hair, and a muscular neck of sufficient length for a bold look should be set in well-set, sloping shoulders. Not too fine withers. Stallions have a well-arched coat of arms. The body should be short coupled, with strong loins and well arched ribs. Short, well-developed forearms are set in a broad chest. Quarters are long and strong, with very muscular second thighs over clean, wide, flat hocks that are well lowered. The cannons should have an average of 8 to 9 flat, flint-like bones with well-developed tendons. The pasterns should be of good length with very flexible joints; the hooves large, round and open on the heels with well-developed frogs and with ample straight, silky feathers.
As a fast and elegant trotter, the Dales Pony is ideal for carriage rides. It also likes to compete under the saddle in almost every discipline, with a special talent for endurance riding. Extensive crosses with Clydesdales and Gypsy Vanners reduced the number of purebred ponies, as did their use in World War II. The Livestock Conservancy in the United States regards the breed as threatened, which means fewer than 5,000 ponies remain worldwide and fewer than 1,000 are registered in the US each year. In the UK, the RBST has given the breed critical status, which means there are fewer than 300 broodmares in existence. Interestingly, a small wild herd of Dales ponies is still alive in the eastern Pennines. In 2007 there were around 30 feral broodmares living in the mountains.