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Taxonomy, etymology & Uses of Aloe vera

P. Udaya Lakshmi*

Vignan college of Pharmacy, Vadlamudi, Guntur.

*Corresponding Author:
P. Udaya Lakshmi
Montessori shiva shivani college of Pharmacy, Guntur
Tel: 8125171946
E-mail: udayalakshmi53@gmail.com

Received: 04 May 2015 Accepted: 27 May 2015 Published: 02 June 2015

Visit for more related articles at Research & Reviews: Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry


Aloe vera, plant steroids, erythema


Aloe vera could be a succulent plant species. The species is often cited as being employed in flavouring drugs since the start of the primary century AD. Extracts from aloe ar wide utilized in the cosmetics and medicine industries, being marketed as diversely having rejuvenating, healing, or soothing properties. There is, however, very little scientific proof of the effectiveness or safety of aloe extracts for either cosmetic or medicative functions, and what positive proof is available[1-5] is often contradicted by different studies.

Taxonomy and Etymology:

The species was initial represented by Carl Carl von Linne in 1753 as succulent perfoliata power unit. vera . The species includes a range of synonyms: A. barbadensis Mill., succulent indica Royle, succulent perfoliata L. var. vera and A. vulgaris Lam.Common names embody Chinese succulent, Indian succulent, True Aloe, Barbados succulent, Burn Aloe, tending Plant. The species epithet vera suggests that "true" or "genuine".[14] Some literature identifies the white-spotted kind of burn plant as burn plant power unit. chinensis; but, the species varies wide with respect to leaf spots[20] and it's been steered that the noticed kind of burn plant is also conspecific with A. massawana.

Techniques supported DNA comparison counsel Aloe vera is comparatively closely associated with succulent perryi, a species endemic to Republic of Yemen. Similar techniques, victimisation plastid DNA sequence comparison and ISSR identification have conjointly steered it's closely associated with succulent forbesii, succulent inermis, succulent scobinifolia, succulent sinkatana, and succulent striata. With the exception of the South African species A. striata, these succulent species area unit native to Socotra (Yemen), [5-12]Somalia, and Sudan. The dearth of obvious natural populations of the species has LED some authors to counsel Aloe vera could also be of hybrid origin.


1. Traditional drugs: burn plant is employed in ancient medicine as a useful skin treatment. In Ayurvedic drugs it's referred to as kathalai, as square measure extracts from xerophytic plant [13].

2. Dietary supplement: Aloin, a compound found within the exudate of some succulent species, was the common ingredient in over-the-counter (OTC) laxative merchandise [14]

3. Commodities: Aloe vera is employed on facial tissues wherever it's promoted as a moisturiser and anti-irritant to scale back tenderness of the nose. Cosmetic corporations usually add sap or alternative derivatives from Aloe vera to merchandise like makeup, tissues, moisturizers, soaps, sunscreens, incense, lather, or shampoos [15].

4. Toxicity: Oral uptake of aloe may cause symptom that successively will cause solution imbalance, excretory organ pathology, dry mouth, headache, and nausea, whereas topical application could induce dermatitis, erythema, or photo toxicity [16].

5. Boosts Immune Power: burn plant is choked with antioxidants, additionally referred to as immunity enhancers that facilitate to fight free radicals within the body. Free radicals cause many diseases and ailments that hasten the ageing method. Intense burn plant juice frequently boosts system and helps you to remain young and work [17].

6. Treats Inflammation: Aloe vera contains plant steroids that facilitate in reducing inflammation naturally. Thus Aloe vera is employed in orthodox or ancient medication as steroidal medication. Aloe vera conjointly contains 2-hydroxybenzoic acid and its salts salicylates; it helps to curb inflammation by inhibiting the assembly of hormones like prostaglandins. 2-hydroxybenzoic acid is like acetylsalicylic acid and has the potential of reducing inflammation by destroying the bacterium that cause inflammation [18].

7. Treats metabolism Disorders: This versatile plant is additionally helpful for treating metabolism disorders and is especially helpful for people who get frequent attacks of cold, flu, respiratory disease herpes, running nose and alternative metabolism disorders. Aloe vera contains vitamin C that helps to stop colds, cough and respiratory illness [19].

8. Treats Diabetes: The dried gel of aloe is employed to treat polygenic disease because it helps to lower blood glucose level by decreasing internal secretion resistance and conjointly lowers the acyl glycerol levels within the liver and plasma. Aloe helps to boost the blood quality naturally by decreasing the amount of steroid alcohol and acyl glycerol. Since, aloe helps to regulate steroid alcohol, triglycerides and blood sugar; it directly helps to stop upset. Aloe keeps the blood contemporary and wealthy in chemical element [20].

9. Stimulates Metabolism: burn plant juice additionally will increase energy and helps to keep up a healthy weight. Drinking burn plant juice frequently stimulates the metabolism and helps the body to burn calories a lot of quickly. Thus burn plant keeps you slim naturally [21].

10. Oral and Dental Health: Aloe vera juice additionally helps in maintaining healthy gums and oral hygiene. Its natural anti-bacterial and anti-microbial actions promote cell growth and healing. Aloe vera gels are employed in a range of tooth gels that forestall trauma gums and mouth ulcers. It additionally provides fast relief to those who expertise burning mouth symptoms. Its antifungal properties facilitate greatly within the downside of plate inflammation, apthous ulcers, cracked and split corners of the mouth [22].

11. Heals Skin Issues: The anti-allergic property of Aloe vera is helpful within the treatment of assorted skin diseases like skin condition, psoriasis, restless skin and then on. They’re useful in action blisters, insect bites and alternative aversions moreover. Aloe vera face packs are a boon for people that have a sensitive skin sort [23].

12. Treats Hair Loss: aloe for hair loss treatment is often derived back to the traditional Egyptian times. Aloe contains enzymes that promote hair growth. The proteolytic enzymes found in aloe facilitate to eradicate dead skin cells on the scalp. Succulent Vera’s keratolic action breaks down the secretion and dead scalp cells. Succulent Vera’s alkalizing properties balances the pH scale level of the scalp and hair which ends in additional hair growth and retains wetness within the scalp [24].

13. Treats Dandruff: Aloe vera is additionally utilized in dandruff treatment. The natural enzymes found in Aloe vera soothe and moisturize the scalp that helps to eliminate the scalp status that causes dandruff. So its anti-fungal properties alleviate dandruff downside. It alleviates the dry and unquiet feeling that accompanies dandruff and oiliness. Aloe vera brings a refreshing and cooling sensation to the scalp [25].