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Review Article Open Access

A Review on Phytochemical, Pharmacological, and Pharmacognostical Profile of Cadaba trifoliate.


Cadaba trifoliata (Capparaceae) in the folk system of medicine. It is locally called as Purna and Viluthi (in Tamil) and possesses anti-rheumatic, emmenagiague, anthelemintic and antibacterial properties. The leaf juice of this plant is used as remedy for fevers. The plant is used for the treatment of syphilis, sores and as an antiphlogistic, deobstruent, emmenagogue, anthelmintic etc. Recent studies are involved in the identification and isolation of new therapeutic compounds of medicinal importance from higher plants for specific diseases. The leaf contains alkaloids, tannins, glycosides, phenolic compounds, steroids, flavonoids. The ash contains alkaline chlorides, sulphates and carbonates. The phytochemical compounds are present in the plant Namely Propane,1,1,3-triethoxy, 2-Cyclohexylpiperidine, Hexadecanoic acid, ethyl ester, Phytol, 9,12-Octadecadienoic acid, Oleic acid, Phenol, 2,4-bis(1-phenylethyl), 1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, diisooctyl ester etc. Leaves of C.trifoliata reported to possess antimicrobial activity, Antipyretic Activity, Antibacterial activity and Antihelminitic activity.

Rameshwar Verma, Kishor Devre, and Tushar Gangrade

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