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Research Article Open Access

Antibacterial Activities of Crude Extract of Ipomoea aquatica (Water Spinach) Against Fish Pathogens


The study was undertaken to determine the phytochemical screening and the anti-bacterial activities of Ipomoea aquatica (water spinach) against some clinically isolated fish pathogens. The healthy and disease-free plants sample was collected from Jebba Basin of River Niger and tested for antibacterial activities and phytochemical properties. Ipomoea aquatica powdered plant materials were extracted using sterile distilled water. The Agar diffused methods was used to determine the antimicrobial actions of the plant against Pseudomonas fluorescens (P. fluorescens), Escherichia coli (E. coli), Salmonella typhi (S. typhi), Aeromonas hydrophila (A. hydrophila), and Vibrio anguillarum (V. anguillarum). The antibacterial investigation of aqueous extracts revealed the significant activity against the microbes. Phytochemical examination of the crude extract showed the occurrence of flavonoids, saponins, alkaloids, tannins, anthraquinones, and catechins which inhibited the growth of V. anguillarum and E. coli complete while Salmonella typhi, Pseudomonas fluorescens, and Aeromonas hydrophila, exhibited moderate varying levels of resistance. Hence, bioactive resistance from Ipomoea aquatica can help combat various fish bacterial infections.

Kehinde AS, Adelakun KM, Attahiru H, Adedeji AS, Akinade GT

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