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Bio fertilizers consist of living cells of particular strains of bacteria and fungi. The soil under favourable conditions secrete the enzymes and make the deficient nutrient available to the plant for uptake. For instance the nitrogen fixing bacteria helps in fixing the nitrogen to the plant and other microbes make other nutrients available to the plant by making them mobilize and solubilize. As bio fertilizers playing a vital role in growth of leguminous plants by leading the increase in the rate of fixation and absorption of almost all the nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium etc., to mobilize the soil so that it will be easy for the crop to uptake the available nutrients. Use of bio fertilizers leads to increase in plant height, number of leaves per plant, number of pods per plant, pod length, number of seed per pod, seed yield per plant, nodules per plant.

Gurmanpreet Kaur*, Harpreet Singh, Sukhjeet Kaur, Neetu Chaudhary

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