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Participatory Brownfields Rehabilitation Aiming at Social Revival


Brownfield refers to the sites with pollution or suspected to be polluted which are valuable for surrounding environment from a social perspective in addition to their apparent functional role as an industrial site. In urban brownfields (sites which are changed to an urban landscape by urban development, gradually) elimination of the previous land uses over time entails new problems such as pollution and increment of the social hazards such as abandoned sites in addition to the primary effects, i.e. the relevant economic opportunities. Reviving such sites using the landscape and environment designing is an effective step taken in line with the reduction of these adverse effects, while it is an effective and useful revival of the site to the city. Designing the landscape and environment is the reviving factor for post-industry sites and helps the urban sustainable development acceleration in relation with the urban abandoned industrial landscapes. In social term, this means the revival of a site which is directly related to history and identification of the city in addition to strengthening the urban physical sustainability factors and helps surrounding society's identity improvement and the city's socio-cultural sustainability. In this paper, at first the discussions like urban redevelopment and post-industrial landscapes revival would be investigated based on the users and designers' perspective and then, using the developmental methodology, an abandoned mine landscape design would be studied to find the answer of this question: how does revival and redefinition of an old iron mine site, for preserving and enhancing the cultural identity, help the urban and social redevelopment? The results were obtained considering the purification and elimination of pollutions with different procedures like phytoremediation, burring and limitation of access or soil transportation as well as polluted elements, using the present elements in new applications creating cultural-historical experience with the landscape, creating interactive spaces for public relations surrounding the site and developing the present systems and considering the user attraction factors surrounding the site and its link to the site potentials.

Nilofar AsadiAsl, Mohammad AsadiAsl, Parisa Kohandelnia, Saied ToyorParvaz

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