Establishing "GARA IFAA" as Forest Species Restoration (Gene Bank) Site for Biodiversity Conservation, Shashemene District, Ethiopia
Field gene bank is one of the techniques in the strategy for plant genetic conservation. It is an ex situ method where genetic variation is maintained away from its original location and samples of a species, subspecies or variety are transferred and conserved as living collections. Field gene bank is the most common method of conserving genetic resources with recalcitrant seeds and vegetative propagated plants. The site of study is “Gara Ifa’’ which means light mountain by Afaan Oromo(Oromo province majority around the site) local name and fund in Dalati kebele of Shashemene District. The site was secured by joint agreement of West Arsi Agricultureand natural office, Shashemene wereda Agriclutre and Natural office and Dalati kebele administration in 2021. Gara ifa was a site where forested area and the forest are cleared by more than two decades ago. Through time the forest were cleared by local community for firewood, construction, charcoaling and over exploitation of medicinal plant by uprooting the whole plants. In the site many saplings were emerging so that shows the forest has dynamic recovery capacities in the short period of time.