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Challenges of Autonomous Vehicles Becoming a Reality

Joint Webinar on World Summit on Automotive and Autonomous Systems and International Conference and Exhibition on Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

September 17, 2021 | Webinar

Rohit Dantkale

San Jose State University, USA

ScientificTracks Abstracts: RRJET


Interest in autonomous vehicle driving has grown in recent years. Autonomous vehicles, also called Self-Driving Vehicles have taken center stage in promoting safe driving, reducing traffic congestion and providing driver-data on road hazards and climate change. Automation has the potential to provide a complex, well-built and responsible leading-edge technology over conventional vehicles and transportation mediums. By using battery-operated cars, it will help alleviate the current situation of environmental pollution which adds up to the climate change. Using battery operated vehicle would persuade the industry to use eco-friendly substitutes. The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) International and the National Traffic Safety Administration (NTSA) have defined various levels of autonomy for vehicles. Several new and old automotive manufacturers have embarked on the development of Autonomous Vehicles with varied success. The initial concept of self-driving vehicles came out of Carnegie Mellon University as a Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA). Google then took this concept to develop further and refine the vehicle and its intended use. Several automakers and ride-sharing companies then picked this effort. Tesla seems to be a leader in the production of self-driving vehicles for use on city streets. Tesla vehicles and the continued accidents caused by their drivers have raised concerns regarding the long-term viability of self-driving vehicles. They have created a negative impression in the market for the consumer. This study gives a brief introduction related to the self-driving and autonomous vehicle autonomy levels, followed by statistics related to various accidents reported by the California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV). The data covers the number of such incidents, minor through major with fatality reports from January 2020 to July 2021 from various cities in California. It is concluded that analyzing the accidental data from the past years provided by the department of motor vehicles and working on environmental aspects and precision would help the vehicle industry make it a safer, efficient driving experience for people. It will create a dependable environment for these autonomous vehicles to explore their full capability.


Rohit Dantkale is a graduate student in the Mechanical Engineering Department at San Jose State University. He received his BE in Mechanical Engineering from Savitribai Phule Pune University.