Dental trauma refers to trauma or injury to the teeth and/or periodontium (gums, periodontal ligament, alveolar bone), and nearby soft tissues such as the lips, tongue, etc. The study of dental trauma is called dental traumatology. These cases are very frequent and handled mostly by maxillofacial surgeons.
Dental trauma may be inflicted in a number of ways: contact sports , motor vehicle accidents, fights, falls, eating hard foods, drinking hot liquids, and other such mishaps. Dental trauma includes teeth that are knocked out (dental avulsion), cracked (fractured), forced out of position (dental luxation, lateral displacement, or extrusion), pushed up into the jawbone (dental intrusion), or loosened by impact (subluxation or dental concussion ).
Related Journals of Dental Traumatology
Trauma & Treatment, Traumatic Stress Disorders & Treatment, Journal of Dental Traumatology, British Dental Journal