Recent Advances on Prevention of Atherosclerotic Plaque Development
Atherosclerosis is a chronic condition characterized by the buildup of plaque within the walls of arteries, increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease. Advances in prevention have been made through lifestyle modifications, medications, and surgical interventions. A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, combined with regular physical activity and smoking cessation, has been shown to reduce the risk of plaque development. Statins, which are commonly prescribed for cholesterol management, have also been found to be effective in preventing plaque buildup. Endovascular procedures, such as angioplasty and stenting, have been developed to physically remove plaque from the arteries. In addition, new surgical techniques, such as atherectomy, have been introduced to remove plaque through a catheter based approach. These advances in the prevention of plaque development have improved the management of atherosclerosis and the outcomes of related cardiovascular diseases.
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