Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
We are delighted to invite Eminent Scientists, Academicians and Researchers to submit their original research articles for publication Research & Reviews: Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry (e-ISSN: 2321-6182, p-ISSN: 2347-2332) an International journal publishing quarterly (Electronic and Print Version) on the aspect of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry for an effective scientific reading and public view with an aim to reach the world wide researchers involved in medicinal plant research and development.
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Pharmacognosy is the study of drugs derived from natural sources. The American Society of Pharmacognosy characterizes Pharmacognosy as "the investigation of the physical, compound, biochemical and organic properties of medications, medication substances or potential medications or medication substances of regular cause and additionally the quest for new medications from normal sources.
Phytochemistry deals with the chemicals that are derived from the plants. The biochemical obtained from plants is identified, purified, biosynthesized and are used as biologically active compounds in Indian traditional medicine, Chinese medicine.
Herbal medicine is nothing but the medicine obtained from plant products. It is also called as Conventional Medicine. This medicine is used to prevent or cure diseases.
Natural products are obtained by living organisms present in nature which is chemical compounds. These products may be prepared synthetically.
Plant extracts means the collection of substances from the plants it may be active ingredients, volatile oils, alkaloids, terpinoids, etc… which are used to treat or cure for disease.
A crude drug is a raw substance obtained naturally from living organisms in organic or inorganic sources intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, treatment, or prevention of disease in human beings or animals.
Phytochemicals are square measure of chemical compounds that occur naturally in plants. Some Phytochemicals liable for color and organoleptic properties of plants, like the deep purple of blueberries and also the smell of garlic. Phytochemicals might have biological significance, for instance carotenoids or flavonoids, however aren't established as essential nutrients. Some of examples are Antioxidants, phytoneutrients, flavones, flavonoids, carotenoids, polyphenols, flavonoids, isoflovones, allyl sulfides, isothiocyanates.
Medicinal plants have been distinguished and utilized all through mankind's life. Plants can synthesize a wide variety of chemical compounds that are used to pharmacological action, and to defend against attack from foreign organisms.
Flavonoids are one type of phytochemical obtained from plants. It is important constituent in plant pigmentation. These are water soluble which contains polyphenolic group in structure. Rich in Fruits and vegetables. This family has a good antioxidant property.
Ayurvedic Medication developed in India, and is thought to be the world's oldest comprehensive health care system. It is named for the Sanskrit word Ayurveda, significance the "wisdom of life." Ayurvedic prescription (otherwise called Ayurveda) is India's primary medicine. More than 90 percent of the landmass' populace utilizes some type of Ayurvedic treatment, including tailing its dietary standards, traditional medication or looking for expert assistance from Ayurvedic professionals.
Carotenoids are pigment substances which are present in many plants, algae and bacteria. It is a powerful antioxidant it also acts as a precursor for vitamin A. Used as coloring agents. Carotenoids are either xanthophylls or carotenes according to their chemical composition.
Ethnobotany is the study of the relation between plants and human culture. An ethnobotanist gives knowledge about plant usage in modern culture as food, shelter, medicine, clothing, hunting, and religious ceremonies. Ethnobotanist relates to botany, plant studies.
Photosynthesis is a process which converts the light energy mainly obtained from sun to chemical organic compounds by plants and some other organisms. In atmosphere release of molecular oxygen and the removal of carbon dioxide is done by photosynthetic process.
A volatile oil is a hydrophobic liquid containing volatile aroma compounds derived from plants. Volatile oils are also known as essential oils or simply as the "oil of" the plant. Essential oil is a liquid that is generally distilled (most frequently by steam or water) from the plant parts. Volatile oils are the combinations of oxygenated compounds and hydrocarbons.
Alkaloids are naturally occurring chemical compounds contain basic nitrogen atom. Alkaloids are produced from plants, animals and also from bacteria, fungi. Alkaloids are extracted by acid base extraction process. Alkaloids have a good vary of pharmacological activities include antimalarial, antiasthma, anticancer, cholinomimetic, antiarrhythmic, antibacterial, ant hyperglycemic.
Tannin is an astringent, bitter plant polyphenolic compound that binds to and precipitates proteins and various other organic compounds including amino acids and alkaloids. The tannin compounds are widely distributed in many species of plants, where they play a role in protection from predation, and perhaps also as pesticides, and in plant growth regulation.
Thermal Decomposition is an endothermic process, which is the decomposition of chemical compounds by using thermal energy. That means one compound decomposes in to two or more compounds when heated.
An antioxidant is just a particle that keeps another atom from oxidizing. Since there are numerous procedures in the body which bring about oxidation, the admission of antioxidant is crucial to neutralize a percentage of the negative aftereffects of the development of an excess of oxidized atoms in the body. Free radicals are insecure atoms that are brutally scanning for their missing electrons and bringing on untold devastation along their way.
Emission of light from the living organism is known as bioluminescence. It is one of the most exiting nature’s phenomenon. In different organisms Luciferase enzyme catalyzes the light-emitting reactions. Generally seen in marine vertebrates, fungi, bacteria, algae.
Two medications that create clearly comparable impacts will now and again deliver overstated or lessened impacts when utilized simultaneously. A quantitative evaluation is important to recognize these cases from just added substance activity. This refinement is in view of the exemplary pharmacologic meaning of additivity that, quickly expressed, implies that every constituent adds to the impact as per its own particular intensity.
The Drug Interactions can occur when the activity of drug is affected by any substance. If the substance is drug then one drug may affect the activity of another drug leads to synergism or antagonism or a new effect can produce side effects. The substance may be drug, food, disease etc…
A photoresist is a light-delicate material utilized as a part of a few modern procedures, for example, photolithography and photoengraving, to shape a designed coating on a surface.
Inorganic science is concerned with the synthesis and behavior of inorganic and organometallic compounds. Advanced intrigues concentrate on comprehension the part of metals in science and the earth, the configuration and properties of materials for data innovation, basic studies on the reactivity of main group and transition elements, and nanotechnology.
A chemical compound is a pure chemical substance consisting of two or more different chemical elements that can be separated into simpler substances by chemical reactions. Chemical compounds have a unique and characterized concoction structure; they consist of a fixed ratio of atoms that are held together in a defined spatial arrangement by chemical bonds. Pure chemical elements are not considered chemical compounds.
Anthelmintic activity of drugs is that they expel parasitic worms and other internal parasites from the body by either stunning or killing them and without causing significant damage to the host. They are used to treat people or animals that are infected by helminths - a condition called helminthiasis.
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