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Modern Industrial Techniques in Food Preservation

Mohammad Shaik*
Department of Food and Information Technology
Comsats University Islamabad
Sahiwal, Pakistan
E-mail: [email protected]

Date of Receipt-07-08-2021 Date of Revision-20-08-2021 Date of Acceptance-27-08-2021

Visit for more related articles at Research & Reviews: Journal of Food and Dairy Technology

INTRODUCTION

Food conservation incorporates food preparing rehearses which forestall the development of microorganisms, like yeasts (albeit a few strategies work by acquainting considerate microbes or growths with the food), and slow the oxidation of fats that cause rancidity [1]. Food safeguarding may likewise incorporate cycles that repress visual crumbling, for example, the enzymatic carmelizing response in apples after they are cut during food readiness. By protecting food, food waste can be diminished, which is a significant method to diminish creation expenses and increment the proficiency of food frameworks, further develop food security and nourishment and contribute towards ecological maintainability. For example, it can diminish the natural effect of food creation.

Pasteurization

Purification is an interaction for protection of fluid food. It was initially applied to battle the souring of youthful neighborhood wines. Today, the interaction is chiefly applied to dairy items. In this technique, milk is warmed at around 70°C (158°F) for 15–30 seconds to kill the microorganisms present in it and cooling it rapidly to 10°C (50°F) to keep the leftover microbes from developing. The milk is then put away in cleaned bottles or pockets in cool spots [2] 

Irradiation

Light of food is the openness of food to ionizing radiation. Different kinds of ionizing radiation can be utilized, including beta particles (high-energy electrons) and gamma beams (transmitted from radioactive sources, for example, cobalt-60 or cesium-137). Light can kill microbes, molds, and creepy crawly bothers, lessen the maturing and ruining of organic products, and at higher portions incite sterility. The innovation might be contrasted with purification; it is in some cases called "cold sanitization", as the item isn't warmed. Light might permit lower-quality or sullied food varieties to be delivered marketable. National and worldwide master bodies have proclaimed food illumination as "healthy"; associations of the United Nations, like the World Health Organization and Food and Agriculture Organization, embrace food light. Shoppers might have a negative perspective on illuminated food dependent on the confusion that such food is radioactive; indeed, lighted food doesn't and can't become radioactive. Activists have additionally gone against food illumination for different reasons, for instance, contending that light can be utilized to clean tainted food without settling the hidden reason for the defilement. Global enactment on if food might be illuminated differs worldwide from no guideline to a full boycott [3]. Roughly 500,000 tons of food things are illuminated each year worldwide in more than 40 nations. These are principally flavors and toppings, with an expanding fragment of new organic product illuminated for natural product fly isolate.

Beat Electric Field Electroporation

Beat electric field (PEF) electroporation is a technique for preparing cells through brief beats of a solid electric field. PEF holds potential as a sort of low-temperature elective sanitization measure for cleaning food items. In PEF handling, a substance is set between two cathodes, then, at that point the beat electric field is applied. The electric field amplifies the pores of the cell films, which kills the cells and deliveries their substance. PEF for food handling is a creating innovation actually being explored [4]. There have been restricted modern uses of PEF preparing for the sanitization of organic product juices. Until now, a few PEF treated juices are accessible available in Europe. Moreover, for quite a while a juice purification application in the US has utilized PEF. For cell deterioration purposes particularly potato processors show incredible interest in PEF innovation as an effective option for their preheaters. Potato applications are as of now functional in the US and Canada. There are additionally business PEF potato applications in different nations in Europe, just as in Australia, India, and China.

Hurdle Technology

Obstacle innovation is a technique for guaranteeing that microbes in food items can be disposed of or constrained by consolidating more than one methodology. These methodologies can be considered as "obstacles" the microorganism needs to survive in case it is to stay dynamic in the food [5]. The right mix of obstacles can guarantee all microorganisms are wiped out or delivered innocuous in the end result. Obstacle innovation has been characterized by Leistner (2000) as a clever mix of obstacles that gets the microbial security and dependability just as the organoleptic and healthful quality and the financial reasonability of food items. The organoleptic nature of the food alludes to its tangible properties, that is its look, taste, smell, and surface.

References

1. Yildirim S, et al. Active packaging applications for food:active packaging applications for food. Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf. 2018;17(1):165–199.
2. Leistner I. Basic aspects of food preservation by hurdle technology. Int J Food Microbiol. 2000;55:181–186.
3. Lee S. Microbial safety of pickled fruits and vegetables and hurdle technology. J Food Saf. 2004;4: 21–32.
4. Reid DS. Optimizing the quality of frozen foods. Food Technol. 1990;44(7):78–82.
5. Fabunmi OA, et al. Influence of moisture content and temperature interaction on mechanical properties of DESMA (Novella pentadesma) SEED. J Adv Food Sci Technol. 2015;2(2):81–85.